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I've noticed there are settings to set the type of index for spinors or gauge index in the physics package. i.e Setup(spinorindices=lowercaselatin). I also notice there is a setting for specifying the form of tetrads. 

I cannot find any further documention or examples on how to use these functions. Could anyone point me in the direction of a text or help function as to how these are implemented. 

Simple examples of things I am trying to do:

> with(Physics); Setup(spinorindices=lowercaselatin, metric = <some_line_element>)

> tetrad[`mu`,`~a`] = Matrix(<some tetrad matrix>) 

> Define(%)

I recieve the following error: invalid input: unknown uses a 2nd argument, a, which is missing.

I am hoping for a tensor that uses the metric to raise/lower the `mu` component and the minkowskian metric to raise/lower the `a` component. 

If there is further documentation that I am missing, I'm happy to check that out instead of asking lots of questions here. 

Thanks again.

This is my code for the Extended Euclidean Algorthim which should return integer l, polynomials pi,ri,si,ti for 0<=i<=l+1. And polynomial qi for 1<=i<=l such that si(f)+ti(g) = ri and sl(f)+tl(g)=rl=GCD(f,g).
The problem is, I keep getting division by zero. Also it evaluates pi = lcoeff(ri-1 - qiri) to be zero, everytime. Even when I remove this it still says there is a division of zero, which must be coming from qi:=quo(ri-1,ri, x); however I do not know why considering the requirements for the loop are that r[i] not equal zero. I really could use a fresh pair of eyes to see what I've done wrong. Any help would be greatly appreciated!!


I wanted to get the following function integrated with Maple 17:

I used the following command to get a numerical solution for my choise of limits:

Unfortunately, I just get the Integral itself back. Also, taking pi/2 as the upper limit for x does improve anything. I also tried the AllSolutions option but it does not help as well as first trying to integrate only over y and leaving x as it is in order to get at least one integration done.

I hope someone can help. I do not necessarily need to solve it for myself, so if someone gets the result and posts it here, I'm okay with that. Anyway, being able to calculate it myself would be even better.

My instructor gave me the problem lim as x goes to 0 of ((2 + x)^3 +8)/x I can't figure out how to get the lim as x goes to, to show up.  There is no button for it in the expressions pallette like there is for things like the piecewise function. My instructor won't help me.  Is there a basic guide I can buy or something.  This software isn't very intuitive. 

I read this, but there was nothing on how to write a help associated with it.

Does anyone know where I can find it?


Many thanks,




I have a line integral and i want to calculate and graph this line integral.

The line integral comes from a physical problem, the integrand is good in the interval [0, 2*Pi] and the value of the integrand at zero = the value of the integrand at 2*Pi.

The problem is when i use the trapizidal rule to calculate the line integral.

The results is so bad, i.e.  the value of the line integral at zero not equal to the value of the line integral at 2* Pi.

where is the problem.

Any one could help me.

Dear all

I want your help in a problem.I want to substitute in a summarization ,the variables for Vi and ξi.Because the number of variables are more than 200 I want to know if there is a way to take them from the excel sheet and put the to my program.attached are the maple worksheet and the variables table

P.s. i have done it for 44 variables





F[A][0] := 43, 4;

43, 4


802, 8




71, 87


C[P][A] := 35;







19, 5


deltaC[P] := -C[P][A]-C[P][B]+C[P][C];



V := 40, 1

40, 1


v[A][0] := 46, 62;

46, 62


46, 62


233, 1


v[0] := v[A][0]+v[M][0]+v[B][0];

325, 125


H[A][ref] := -66600;







deltaH[R][ref] := -H[A][ref]-H[B][ref]+H[C][ref];



deltaH[R] := deltaH[R][ref]+deltaC[P]*(T-T[ref]);




k := 16, 96*10^12*exp(-32400/(R_*T));

16, 96000000000000*exp(-32400/(R_*T))


R_ := 1, 987;

1, 987


C[A][0] := F[A][0]/v[0];

(43, 4)/(325, 125)


T[0] := 75;



T[ref] := 68;




Balanço Molar


r[A] := -k*C[A][0]*(1-X[MA](T));

-(16, 96000000000000*exp(-32400/((1, 987)*T)))*(43, 4)*(1-X[MA](T))/(325, 125)



EQ1 := X[MA](T) = V*k/(V*k+v[0]);

X[MA](T) = (40, 1)*(16, 96000000000000*exp(-32400/((1, 987)*T)))/((40, 1)*(16, 96000000000000*exp(-32400/((1, 987)*T)))+(325, 125))



Balanço de Energia


r[A] := -k*C[A][0]*(1-X[EA](T));

-(16, 96000000000000*exp(-32400/((1, 987)*T)))*(43, 4)*(1-X[EA](T))/(325, 125)



EQ2 := X[EA](T) = 1-(C[P][A]*F[A][0]+C[P][B]*F[B][0]+C[P][C]*F[C][0])*(T-T[0])/(deltaH[R]*V*k*C[A][0]);

X[EA](T) = 1-(15941, 284)*(T-75)*(325, 125)/((-35924-7*T)*(40, 1)*(16, 96000000000000*exp(-32400/((1, 987)*T)))*(43, 4))






Dear Maple enthusiasts,

I am unable to find a working method to solve a system of 8 equations, of which 4 are differential equations. The system contains 8 unknown variables and the goal is to find an expression for each of these variables as a function of the time t. I have attached the code of my project at the bottom of this message.

I have tried the following:

  1. Using solve/dsolve to solve all 8 equations at once. This results in Maple eating up all of my memory and never finishing its calculations.
  2. First using solve to solve the 4 non-differential equations so that I get 4 out of 8 variables as a function of the 4 remaining variables. This results in an expression containing RootOf() for each of the 4 veriables I'm solving for, which prevents me from using these expressions in the 4 remaining differential equations.
  3. First using dsolve to solve the differential equations, which gives once again an expression for 4 variables as a function of the 4 remaining variables. I then use solve to solve the 4 remaining equations with the new found expressions. This results in an extremely long solution for each of the variables.

The code below contains the 3rd option I tried.

Any help or suggestions would be greatly appreciated. I have been scratching my head so much that I'm getting bald and whatever I search for on google or in the Maple help, I can't find a good reference to a system of differential equations together with other equations.




PARK - Mixed control



Input parameters



Projected interface area (m²)



Temperature of the process (K)



Densities (kg/m³)

Rho_m:=7000: metal

Rho_s:=2850: slag


Masses (kg)

W_m:=0.5: metal

W_s:=0.075: slag


Mass transfer coefficients (m/s)






Weight percentages in bulk at t=0 (%)






Weight percentages in bulk at equilibrium (%)






Weight percentages at the interface (%)




Atomic weights (g/mol)







Molecular weights (g/mol)






Gas constant (m³*Pa/[K*mol])









4 rate equations











3 mass balance equations









1 local equilibrium equation



Gibbs free energy of the reaction when all of the reactants and products are in their standard states (J/mol). Al and Si activities are in 1 wt pct standard state in liquid Fe. SiO2 and Al2O3 activities are in respect to pure solid state.




Expression of mole fractions as a function of weight percentages (whereby MgO is not taken into account, but instead replaced by CaO ?)

x_Al2O3_i(t):=(Pct_Al2O3_i(t)/MW_Al2O3)/(Pct_Al2O3_i(t)/MW_Al2O3 + Pct_SiO2_i(t)/MW_SiO2 + (100-Pct_SiO2_i(t)-Pct_Al2O3_i(t))/MW_CaO);
x_SiO2_i(t):=(Pct_SiO2_i(t)/MW_SiO2)/(Pct_Al2O3_i(t)/MW_Al2O3 + Pct_SiO2_i(t)/MW_SiO2 + (100-Pct_SiO2_i(t)-Pct_Al2O3_i(t))/MW_CaO);


Activity coefficients

Gamma_Al_Hry:=1: because very low percentage present  during the process (~Henry's law)

Gamma_Si_Hry:=1: because very low percentage present  during the process (~Henry's law)

Gamma_Al2O3_Ra:=1: temporary value!

Gamma_SiO2_Ra:=10^(-4.85279678314968+0.457486603678622*Pct_SiO2_b(t)); very small activity coefficient?


Activities of components



Expressions for the equilibrium constant K














but if restart the program,the menu of Plot Builder is appear,in same function(x^2+y^2+(1/1000000000)*z-25 = 0),why thing like this happen?

when run the order like this, the menu of Plot builder disapper

Thank you in advance for your help

I'm used to Mathcad, and I am very new to Maple. Something I cannot figure out right now is how to define multiple elments of a matrix using a function.

Input Data

Define system dimensions as n:=2;






Minor side note: I originaly had upsilon defined using the syntax "Vector[row](ncomp)", but this was giving me an 'exponentiation' operation error, so I changed it to what it is now (basically a list/array, which I guess has different type definitions that no longer cause the error?).





The Problem I'm Having

Now I just want to define Lambda using a function to define all elements (like I would in Mathcad).

Lambda[i,j]:= (upsilon[j]/upsilon[i]) * exp (-lambda[i,j]/2853);

which gives me an extremely long error message:

Error, invalid input: exp expects its 1st argument, x, to be of type algebraic, but received Matrix(2, 2, {(1, 1) = -0.3504976272e-3, (1, 2) = -.16509955895845776, (2, 1) = -.30975332953088164, (2, 2) = -0.3504976272e-3}, datatype = float[8]

As far as I can tell (keep in mind that this is my very first Maple project) that it doesn't like lambda as a matrix? But shouldn't it just evaluate to the element? and why is (2,2) and (1,1) giving values, because it should intialize to zero, so exp(0) = 1 in these cases??

I tried to simplify further by just trying


but then it just gives me 1, and when I look into Lambda all the elements are now 1 when only the diagnol elements should be 1 (the rest some fractional amount)??

I am at a complete loss. I thought about doing something like For i = 1 to n etc. but then it just looks like coding, which defeats the purpose of trying to make a calculation sheet documenting the procedure...

Any help and/or insights into what I am doing wrong here would be most welcomed :)

P.S. I've just noticed that there is an upload option :/



I trying to simulate a force sensor on robot arm, but every time I try something, I get nothing from my sensor, can you help me?


Here it's my "design":


Also, if I add a rigid body I get this error:




I am trying to find a way to take the rows of a matrix and put them in a sequence.  For example if i have the matrix 


I want to rewrite it as S:= {111222333}.  

Sorry if this is not clear.  I know how to create a sequence, but I want to be able to use the Matrix and output a sequence without manually inputing the numbers.  

Thank you in advance for your help.  

How can I solve this problem on Maple?
Can anyone help me please ... I wrote another post before but I can not solve the problem.

lambda is an experimental parameter. I have this initial condition n(x,0)=0.4, c(x,0)=0.

Thanks to everyone

To calculate the day of the week for a given date, first of all we need to find out the number of odd days.

Today I thought of sharing a beautiful problem I learned in my school, though it is easy, it is tricky too.
Odd Days are number of days more than the complete number of weeks in given period.
Leap Year is the year which is divisible by 4.
A normal year has 365 days
A leap year has 366 days
One normal year = 365 days = 52weeks + 1day
One normal year has one odd day

One leap year = 366 days = 52weeks + 2days
One leap year has two odd days

100 years = 76 ordinary years + 24 leap years = 5200 weeks + 124 days = 5217 weeks + 5 days
100 years have 5 odd days

400 years have (20+1) 0 odd days

The number of odd days and the corresponding day of the week is given below


So by finding out the number of odd days you can find out the day of the week. I hope this procedure Will be helpful in solving math problems in exams.


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