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Hello guys

I have a linear differentional equation which is in the 4th order. It is shown in the below:

where a11 and a22 and a33 are constant coefficients. The boundary value for this equation is:

phi(a)=sigma1 , phi(-a)=sigma1 , diff(p,x)(a)=0 , diff(p,x)=0

Now consider :


when I use dsolve for deriving a good answer in this equation. there are four real roots .How can I solve it with these boundary condition?

I need to extract phi(x) from this equation.



I need your help to display the matrix generated by a lenear system.

The linear system is okay, well written, but  there is an error in generate matrix, I get the wrong matrix.

Thank you very much for your help.

Maplesoft regularly hosts live webinars on a variety of topics. Below you will find details on upcoming webinars we think may be of interest to the MaplePrimes community.  For the complete list of upcoming webinars, visit our website.

Creating Questions in Maple T.A. – Part #1

This webinar will demonstrate how to create questions in Maple T.A., Maplesoft’s testing and assessment solution for any course involving mathematics. The presentation will begin with an overview of the basic types of questions available, and then delve into how to create various types of questions in Maple T.A. Incorporating algorithms and feedback directly into questions will also be touched on. Finally, the session will wrap up with an explanation and several examples of how to create better questions using the question designer.

This first webinar in a two part series will cover true/false, multiple choice, numeric, mathematical formula, fill in the blank, sketch, and FBD questions. A second webinar that demonstrates more advanced question types will follow.

To join us for the live presentation, please click here to register.

Clickable Calculus: Linear Algebra

In this webinar, Dr. Robert Lopez will apply the techniques of “Clickable Calculus” to standard calculations in Linear Algebra.

Clickable Calculus, the idea of powerful mathematics delivered using very visual, interactive point-and-click methods, offers educators a new generation of teaching and learning techniques. Clickable Calculus introduces a better way of engaging students so that they fully understand the materials they are being taught. It responds to the most common complaint of faculty who integrate software into the classroom – time is spent teaching the tool, not the concepts.

To join us for the live presentation, please click here to register.

I have a set "EQ" containing N linear equations in N unknowns. The only symbolic variables in each "EQ[i]" are the unknowns. I want to write a procedure that derives the matrices "A" and "b" where A.x=b is the same linear system stored in "EQ". In other words, I want to write the linear system in the matrix form.

Can anyone guide me through writting such a procedure?
As an example do it with the system written in the following file.

Note: This procedure will be used for large linear systems (e.g. 2000 Equations, 2000 Unknowns) so it will be important that the procedure uses the least operations required.

Thanks in advance.

I have a large system of linear algebraic equations that I want to solve (2005 Unknowns, 2005 Equations). I was wondering that what are the proper commands to use in maple for solving the system as fast as possible. Take a look at the files in the download link if you want to see the system of linear algebraic equations.

Please provide me any suggesitons that you may think will be helpful like using other sofwares that are good in doing this work such as MATLAB or something else.

Thanks in Advance

Hi there. 

I'm kind of new to Maple and i'm trying to solve a Linear Algebra problem for my class of Linear Algebra of the course of Physics. Also, my first language is portuguese so forgive for my not-so-perfect english.

I have a (solved) linear system of 7 equations and 12 variables (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L) that is the following:

  • A = 33 - K - L
  • B = 1 + F - J
  • C = -15 - F + J + K + L
  • D = 15 + H - K
  • E = 16 - F - H + J + K
  • G = 34 - H - J - L
  • I = 18 - J - K

Note: I'm using letters (A, B, ..., L) instead of X1X2, ..., X12 because it's easier to write it like this here and because I don't know if the Xn notation is allowed on Maple (i don't think so).

So, the system is possible but undetermined (with 5 degrees of freedom), being F, H, J, K and L the free variables.

Until here, everything's fine. The problem arises when the professor asks us for every solution of the system that satisfies the condition that all the variables (form A to L) are positive integers (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L ϵ IN → natural numbers).

From my understanding, that gives rise to a system of linear inequalities with 12 variables and the following inequalities:

  • A = 33 - K - L > 0
  • B = 1 + F - J > 0
  • C = -15 - F + J + K + L > 0
  • D = 15 + H - K > 0
  • E = 16 - F - H + J + K > 0
  • G = 34 - H - J - L > 0
  • I = 18 - J - K > 0
  • > 0
  • > 0
  • > 0
  • > 0
  • > 0                            (and A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L ϵ IN)

After some research, i found that a possible way to solve this type of system of linear inequalities is trough a method of elimination (analog to Gauss-Jordan's elimination method for systems of linear equations) named Fourier-Motzkin. But it's hardwork and i wanted to do it on the computer. After some research, i came across with the following Maple command:


So, I tried to use that command to solve my system, with the following result (or non-result):

LinearMultivariateSystem({F > 0, H > 0, J > 0, K > 0, L > 0, 1+F-J > 0, 15+H-K > 0, 18-J-K > 0, 33-K-L > 0, 34-H-J-L > 0, -15-F+J+K+L > 0, 16-F-H+J+K > 0}, [F, H, J, K, L]);

Error, (in SolveTools:-Inequality:-Piecewise) piecewise takes at least 2 parameters

So, i really need help solving this as the professor told us that the first one to solve would win a book, eheh. I don't know what I'm doing wrong. Maybe this Maple command is not made for 12 variables? Or maybe i'm just writing something on a wrong form. I've never used Maple before so i can be doing something really stupid without knowing it.

I would really apreciate an answer, as my only goal as a future physicist is to unveil the secrets of the Cosmos to us all.

Thank you again.

Miguel Jesus

Dear Maple enthusiasts,

I am unable to find a working method to solve a system of 8 equations, of which 4 are differential equations. The system contains 8 unknown variables and the goal is to find an expression for each of these variables as a function of the time t. I have attached the code of my project at the bottom of this message.

I have tried the following:

  1. Using solve/dsolve to solve all 8 equations at once. This results in Maple eating up all of my memory and never finishing its calculations.
  2. First using solve to solve the 4 non-differential equations so that I get 4 out of 8 variables as a function of the 4 remaining variables. This results in an expression containing RootOf() for each of the 4 veriables I'm solving for, which prevents me from using these expressions in the 4 remaining differential equations.
  3. First using dsolve to solve the differential equations, which gives once again an expression for 4 variables as a function of the 4 remaining variables. I then use solve to solve the 4 remaining equations with the new found expressions. This results in an extremely long solution for each of the variables.

The code below contains the 3rd option I tried.

Any help or suggestions would be greatly appreciated. I have been scratching my head so much that I'm getting bald and whatever I search for on google or in the Maple help, I can't find a good reference to a system of differential equations together with other equations.




PARK - Mixed control



Input parameters



Projected interface area (m²)



Temperature of the process (K)



Densities (kg/m³)

Rho_m:=7000: metal

Rho_s:=2850: slag


Masses (kg)

W_m:=0.5: metal

W_s:=0.075: slag


Mass transfer coefficients (m/s)






Weight percentages in bulk at t=0 (%)






Weight percentages in bulk at equilibrium (%)






Weight percentages at the interface (%)




Atomic weights (g/mol)







Molecular weights (g/mol)






Gas constant (m³*Pa/[K*mol])









4 rate equations











3 mass balance equations









1 local equilibrium equation



Gibbs free energy of the reaction when all of the reactants and products are in their standard states (J/mol). Al and Si activities are in 1 wt pct standard state in liquid Fe. SiO2 and Al2O3 activities are in respect to pure solid state.




Expression of mole fractions as a function of weight percentages (whereby MgO is not taken into account, but instead replaced by CaO ?)

x_Al2O3_i(t):=(Pct_Al2O3_i(t)/MW_Al2O3)/(Pct_Al2O3_i(t)/MW_Al2O3 + Pct_SiO2_i(t)/MW_SiO2 + (100-Pct_SiO2_i(t)-Pct_Al2O3_i(t))/MW_CaO);
x_SiO2_i(t):=(Pct_SiO2_i(t)/MW_SiO2)/(Pct_Al2O3_i(t)/MW_Al2O3 + Pct_SiO2_i(t)/MW_SiO2 + (100-Pct_SiO2_i(t)-Pct_Al2O3_i(t))/MW_CaO);


Activity coefficients

Gamma_Al_Hry:=1: because very low percentage present  during the process (~Henry's law)

Gamma_Si_Hry:=1: because very low percentage present  during the process (~Henry's law)

Gamma_Al2O3_Ra:=1: temporary value!

Gamma_SiO2_Ra:=10^(-4.85279678314968+0.457486603678622*Pct_SiO2_b(t)); very small activity coefficient?


Activities of components



Expressions for the equilibrium constant K












Dear Maple experts,


I would like to visualize the equation -3*x+2*y+3*z=0  and (with other color) 2*y+3*z =0. I used the following commands:

PlanePlot(-3*x+ 2*y + 3*z = 0, [x,y,z], normaloptions=[shape=harpoon], showbasis);

But I do not know how to show at the same time the second equation (2*y+3*z=0 ).


How should I proceed? Any hint?

Thanks for your attention,




A linear system with three variables has augmented matrix that is row-equivalent to the 
following matrix: 

k + 3 2 k − 4 = 3 
0 2 −9 = 5 
0 0 k^2 + k − 2 = k − 1 
Determine the values of k for which the system has: 
(a) exactly one solution, 
(b) infinitely many solutions, 
(c) no solutions.

I have a matrix with repeated columns


Q := Matrix([1,1,1,0,0,0,-2,-1],[0,0,0,1,1,1,0,-3]);

I'd like to write a loop that defines u[1],...,u[n] to be the unique columns of Q. Is there a way to do this?

hi all.

I have wrore the following program for optimization with bernstein and block pulse hybrid functions.

the program have some errors which i can't understand.



macro(LA= LinearAlgebra):

HybrFunc:=proc(N, M,  tj)               # N=Number of subintervals,  M=Number of functions in subintervals
local B, n, m;

global b;

for n from 1 to N do
for m from 0 to M-1 do

B := (i,m,t) -> C(m,i)*(1-t)^(m-i)*t^i:

b[n,m]:=unapply(piecewise(t>=(n-1)*tj/N and t<n*tj/N, B(m,2,N*t-(n-1)*tj), 0), t):

Array(1..N, 0..M-1, (n,m)->b[n,m](t)):

end proc:

HybrFunc(3, 3, 1);

                                       # End Of Definition
g2(t):=t;            #*exp(t-1):                      # Any other function can be replaced here

g1(t):=add(add(c[n,m]*b[n,m](t), m=0..2), n=1..3);
Optimization[Minimize](sqrt(int((g2(t)-g1(t))^2, t=0.. 1)));
plot([g2(t),g1(t)], t=0..1, 0..5, color=[blue,red],thickness=[1,3],discont, scaling=constrained);

Array(1 .. 3, 0 .. 2, {(1, 0) = piecewise(0 <= t and t < 1/3, (1-3*t)^2, 0), (1, 1) = piecewise(0 <= t and t < 1/3, (6*(1-3*t))*t, 0), (1, 2) = piecewise(0 <= t and t < 1/3, 9*t^2, 0), (2, 0) = piecewise(1/3 <= t and t < 2/3, (2-3*t)^2, 0), (2, 1) = piecewise(1/3 <= t and t < 2/3, (2*(2-3*t))*(3*t-1), 0), (2, 2) = piecewise(1/3 <= t and t < 2/3, (3*t-1)^2, 0), (3, 0) = piecewise(2/3 <= t and t < 1, (3-3*t)^2, 0), (3, 1) = piecewise(2/3 <= t and t < 1, (2*(3-3*t))*(3*t-2), 0), (3, 2) = piecewise(2/3 <= t and t < 1, (3*t-2)^2, 0)}, datatype = anything, storage = rectangular, order = Fortran_order)

g2(t) := t

"g1(t):=c[1,0] ({[[(1-3 t)^2,0<=t and t<1/3],[0,otherwise]])+c[1,1] ({[[6 (1-3 t) t,0<=t and t<1/3],[0,otherwise]])+c[1,2] ({[[9 t^2,0<=t and t<1/3],[0,otherwise]])+c[2,0] ({[[(2-3 t)^2,1/3<=t and t<2/3],[0,otherwise]])+c[2,1] ({[[2 (2-3 t) (3 t-1),1/3<=t and t<2/3],[0,otherwise]])+c[2,2] ({[[(3 t-1)^2,1/3<=t and t<2/3],[0,otherwise]])+c[3,0] ({[[(3-3 t)^2,2/3<=t and t<1],[0,otherwise]])+c[3,1] ({[[2 (3-3 t) (3 t-2),2/3<=t and t<1],[0,otherwise]])+c[3,2] ({[[(3 t-2)^2,2/3<=t and t<1],[0,otherwise]])"

Error, (in Optimization:-NLPSolve) complex value encountered

Error, invalid left hand side in assignment


Download Bernestien1.mws

 I'll be so grateful if any one can help me.

Mahmood   Dadkhah

Ph.D Candidate

Applied Mathematics Department



how to calculate the first step

(2,0) -> (1,1,1) and (1,4) -> (1,2,0)

how to use maple command to get (1,1,1) and (1,2,0)

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