Why the coefficients are zero?...

Why Maple return 0 when I try to find coefficients of different power of lambda's.coeff.mw

Help on how to solve (if possible) a PDE. ...

Hello,

I need to check if Maple can solve a specific PDE. Since I don't know much about the PDEtools package, I wonder if a user familiar with it and experienced in solving PDEs could help me.

```with(PDEtools);
declare(u(x,y,z,w));
PDE1:=alpha*(y+b*(w))*diff(u(x,y,z,w),x)+(x+z-b*(w))*diff(u(x,y,z,w),y)-c*y*diff(u(x,y,z,w),z)+d*(y-x)*diff(u(x,y,z,w),w)=0;
Sol1:=pdsolve(PDE1);
```

Maple returns NULL as the solution. Any ideas on how to obtain a solution, if possible? In other similar PDEs, u(x,y,w,z) has a quadratic form.

Many thanks,

axis labels on the wrong side of the vertical axis...

When you look at negative horiztonal values on a basic plot, the axis labels can be obscured by gridlines or the plot itself. I have been told many times to keep axis labels and gradation labels outside of the plotting area to avoid adding more information than is neccessary in the actual plotting area. Is there a way to move the label to the other side and rotate it by 180 degree? How do people normally deal with this issue?

See my example of how the axis labels can be obscured by gridlines.

axis_label_on_wrong_side_of_axis.mw

issues about smart plot and implicit 2d plot for c...

Hi all guys, first I would express my gratitude to @mmcdara . He helped me construct the matrix polynomial properly. Then on basis of it, I explore more but meet with issues. Notation : v1 and v2 is eigenvalues which consists of complicated expression containg component v and z, now I wanna implicitplot the region: abs(v1)<=1 & abs(v2)<=1 (satisfy at the same time). But I don't know how to command the code. So I define eq1:=( abs(v1)-1)* (abs(v2)<=1) and implicit it. (I know it is false but I just wanna try first). But I command the implicitplot code, the evaluating time is so long(25mins no end still). So I recall the smartplot, I once I have triggered this command, it seems that I put the mouse on the expression result (the end of the blue font), and implicit3d appears in the work bar on the right (of course this is in another file). In the file I uploaded, I tried this but failed. So I want to understand how to ensure that smartplot is triggered 100%? (Because I feel that smartplot runs very fast) and how to draw the desired region (abs(v1)<=1 & abs(v2)<=1)?

 > restart; v=lambda*h; z=mu*h; k=lambda/mu;
 (1)
 > with(LinearAlgebra):
 > A := Matrix([[0, 0, 0], [-(cos(alpha*v)-1)/v^2, 0, 0], [0, -(cos(beta*v)-1)/(cos(alpha*v)*v^2), 0]]);
 (2)
 > C := Matrix([0, alpha, -beta])
 (3)
 > e := Vector(3, 1)
 (4)
 > E := IdentityMatrix(3)
 (5)
 > G := Matrix([[0], [sin(alpha*v)/(alpha*v)], [((sin(beta*v)*cos(alpha*v)+sin(alpha*v)*cos(beta*v)-sin(alpha*v)))/(v*cos(alpha*v)*(beta))]])
 (6)
 > b := Vector(3, [1/24, (-sin(beta*v)*v^3+12*cos(beta*v)*v^2+24*cos(beta*v)*cos(v)-24*sin(beta*v)*sin(v)+24*sin(beta*v)*v-24*cos(beta*v))/(24*v^3*(cos(beta*v)*sin(alpha*v)+sin(beta*v)*cos(alpha*v))), -(sin(alpha*v)*v^3+12*cos(alpha*v)*v^2+24*cos(v)*cos(alpha*v)+24*sin(v)*sin(alpha*v)-24*v*sin(alpha*v)-24*cos(alpha*v))/(24*v^3*(cos(beta*v)*sin(alpha*v)+sin(beta*v)*cos(alpha*v)))])
 (7)
 > bp := Vector(3, [1/12, -(sin(beta*v)*v^2+12*cos(beta*v)*sin(v)-12*cos(beta*v)*v+12*cos(v)*sin(beta*v)-12*sin(beta*v))/(12*v^2*(cos(beta*v)*sin(alpha*v)+sin(beta*v)*cos(alpha*v))), -(sin(alpha*v)*v^2+12*cos(v)*sin(alpha*v)-12*cos(alpha*v)*sin(v)+12*cos(alpha*v)*v-12*sin(alpha*v))/(12*v^2*(cos(beta*v)*sin(alpha*v)+sin(beta*v)*cos(alpha*v)))])
 (8)
 > L0 := E + z^2 *~ A
 (9)
 > L1 := simplify(L0^(-1))
 (10)
 > AUX := simplify(L1 . G . C . e, size)
 (11)
 > N1 := simplify((1 - z^2/2) + z^4 * (b^+ . AUX), size)
 (12)
 > N2 := simplify(1 - z^2 * (b^+ . L1 . e), size)
 (13)
 > N3 := simplify(-z^2 + z^4 * (bp^+ . AUX), size)
 (14)
 >
 > N4 := simplify(1 - z^2 * (bp^+ . L1 . e), size): alpha:= 1/2 + 1/10*sqrt(5); beta:= -1/2 + 1/10*sqrt(5); det := simplify(N1*N4 - N2*N3, size): tr := simplify(N1 + N4, size): #eq1:=algsubs(v=lambda*h,det): #eq2:=algsubs(z=mu*h,eq1): #eq3:=algsubs(lambda=mu*k,eq2): #eq4:=algsubs(v=lambda*h,eq3): #csgn(sqrt(mu^10*k^10/v^10)*h^5):=1: #simplify(series(sqrt(eq4),h,10)); #series(simplify(algsubs(v=,simplify(series(1-sqrt(det),z,8)))),z,8); #eq1:=(sec(sqrt(5)*z/10)*(-cos(z/2)*z + 12*sin(z/2)) - 5*z)/(24*z*k); #simplify(eq1);
 (15)
 >
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How to get remainder of this two polynomials?...

How to get remainder of this two polynomials?

```with(Algebraic);
Remainder(a*x^3 + b*x^2 + c*x + d, 3*a*x^2 + 2*b*x + c, x);
```

how to improve the typesetting of the gamma's...

I am trying to improve the positioning of the gammas in the diagram (at bottom) as they are too close to the points and lines. gamma1 and gamma2 have been assigned values. This best I could come up with is shown below.

 > restart;
 > with(plots):with(plottools):
 > with(Typesetting):
 > `gamma2`:=<3|5|2>
 (1)
 > Pgamma2:=[3/2,5/2]
 (2)
 > display(point(Pbeta2,symbol=solidcircle,symbolsize=14),textplot([Pgamma2[],Typeset((`gamma2` )),align={above}]))
 >

How to retrieve the arguments of f_1 , the solutio...

Hello

I am trying to solve some PDEs using Maple.  In one of them, Maple returns

`SolL:= HL(x, y, z) = f__1(1/2*(2*sigma*z - x^2)/sigma, rho^2 - 2*rho*z + y^2 + z^2)`

How to retrieve only the arguments of f__1?

Many thanks

How do I prevent Maple from displaying the actual ...

I think the question speaks for itself. I tried the search engine and he bring me one link on that subject. But when I click on it, he sent me inside many answers on everyting but that. Not even the right month. So that is why I am asking here again. Of course, I would like to keep the thickmarks and the labels on both axes. Thank you in advance for your help.

c__1 and _C1 do not seem to work the same way....

The change from _C1 to c__1 is causing me so many problems as I still do not fully understand it.

I have nothing in my Maple ini file.

I was solving from a solution to an ode for the constant of integration, which I know is c__1 inside a proc.

But this was failing to solve for it. When I copy same code to global (worksheet), it works. So it is clearly issue of name space related to c__1 vs. _C1.

So even though the solution now has the subscripted version and not the traditional one (since that is the default now), it does not solve for it when inside a proc.

If instead I solve for _C1, then it works. Even though the solution has c__1. This is bizzar to me.

I also tried adding   global c__1; inside the proc, but this did not help. (did not show this version in the worksheet).

Why is solving for c__1 fail inside a proc but works outside? Clearly the c__1 in the solution of the ode is not the same c__1 I typed in to solve for, even though on the screen they look the same.

So c__1 is not really the same as _C1 in all aspects. Right?

Here is worksheet. Example 1 below shows how it fails inside proc

Maple 2024.1. Does this happen for others on Linux or the Mac?

 > restart;
 > interface(version);

 > Physics:-Version();

Example (1) solving for constant of integration fails inside proc but works outside

 > restart;
 > foo:=proc(ode::`=`) local sol,the_constant;    sol:=dsolve(ode);    print("sol is ",sol);    the_constant:=solve(sol,c__1);    print("the constant is ",the_constant); end proc;

 > #this does not work ode:=diff(y(x),x) = 3/4*y(x)/x; foo(ode)

 > restart;
 > #this works ode:=diff(y(x),x) = 3/4*y(x)/x; sol:=dsolve(ode); print("sol is ",sol); the_constant:=solve(sol,c__1);

 >

Example (2). Solving for _C1 works, even though the ode has c__1  , why??

 > restart;
 > foo:=proc(ode::`=`) local sol,the_constant;    sol:=dsolve(ode);    print("sol is ",sol);    the_constant:=solve(sol,_C1);  #notice solving for _C1 now    print("the constant is ",the_constant); end proc;

 > ode:=diff(y(x),x) = 3/4*y(x)/x; foo(ode)

 > restart;
 > ode:=diff(y(x),x) = 3/4*y(x)/x; sol:=dsolve(ode); print("sol is ",sol); the_constant:=solve(sol,c__1); #these both work OK in global the_constant:=solve(sol,_C1);  #these both work OK in global

 >
 >

Example (3). Forcing arbitraryconstants = subscripted it still does not work inside proc. Why??

 > restart;
 > foo:=proc(ode::`=`) local sol,the_constant;    sol:=dsolve(ode,arbitraryconstants = subscripted);       print("sol is ",sol);    the_constant:=solve(sol,c__1);    print("the constant is ",the_constant); end proc;

 > ode:=diff(y(x),x) = 3/4*y(x)/x; foo(ode)

 >

get the error order of the estimated polynomial co...

Hi all guys, when i am doing error analysis but I meet with an problem. I get the trace and determinant of one matrix which consists a lot trigonometric functions. I wanna get the approximation error order of trace and determinant (Like tr=2+O(v^6),det=1+O(v^6)). But I use Taylor expansion and series, it displays can't compute the series. How to know the other ways to get the error order of it? Thanks all !phase_error_try.mw

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pansion)

I have a command called Dual in a SubPackage. RationalTrigonometry:-UHG:-Dual(..). I cannot get the hyperlink from the overview page to work.i.e RationalTrigonometry,UHG,Dual If I use Dual on its own it finds another Maple command to do with boolean logic. What syntax should I use here? I have used RationalTrigonometry,Spread without a problem to avoid another Maple command.

Factor a polynomial...

Good afternoon, please how to factor the following polynomial so that it gives me the following result:

x^10/36 - 4/25*y^24*z^8 = (x^5/6 - 2/5*y^12*z^4)*(x^5/6 + 2/5*y^12*z^4)

Large test expression. Why Maple timelimit hangs o...

This worksheet below has a very large test expression I use with Maple. It is just for testing.

Maple 2024.1 on windows 10. 128 GB RAM. Fast PC.

Someone in another question asked me to post this test worksheet for them to try also.

My question is: Why Maple expand hangs on it, even though I have timelimit?

I am not printing this at all. This is actually is run in .mpl file, but I am posting worksheet version here.

I am not asking about the printing of the expression. But about the timelimit hanging. This is the big problem for me. If timelimit hangs, my program hangs and no workaround.

Here is the worksheet below. The expression is 373,000 leave size, which is huge. Still, Maple should not hang and more important, timelimit should not hang as it was supposed to have been fixed in the year 2021.

Make sure to save all your work before running this.

Since expression is very large, I will only post link and not display the content here as well.

why_timelimit_hang.mw

At the bottom of the worksheet, there is one command that does print(e); which will hang Maple. so make sure to save your work if you want to run this command.

There is also second command after that, which is my question is about., It does

```try
timelimit(20,expand(e)):
catch:
print("Timed out OK");
end try:
```

And this hangs.

My question is why and is there a workaround? I know it is large expression, but there is a timeout there. Maple should have timedout. Right?

Error, (in RootOf) _Z occurs but is not the depend...

I added radnormal(sol) to my solution to workaround bug in solve hanging

But now new problem showed up. sometimes radnormal gives internal error when there are _Z's in solution.

Error, (in RootOf) _Z occurs but is not the dependent variable

Attached worksheet. Sorry that the solution is very large and has lots of _Zs and RootOf, but this is the first one I can see so far in the log file of my program running, so I left it as is:

Should I check in my code that solution does not contain _Z before calling radnormal on it?  Is this a bug or known limitation?

 > restart;
 > interface(version);

 > Physics:-Version();

 > sol:=1/6*(-a^3 - 3*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*a^2 + 6*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2*a + 8*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*(RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*a^4 + 4*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2*a^3 + 4*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^3*a^2 + 4*a^3 + 12*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*a^2 - 24*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2*a - 32*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^3 - 108*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2))) + 54*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2))^(1/3) + 1/6*(4*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2 + 2*a*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2) + a^2)/(-a^3 - 3*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*a^2 + 6*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2*a + 8*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*(RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*a^4 + 4*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2*a^3 + 4*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^3*a^2 + 4*a^3 + 12*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)*a^2 - 24*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^2*a - 32*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2)^3 - 108*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2))) + 54*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2))^(1/3) - 1/6*a + 1/3*RootOf(4*_Z^2 - 4*_Z*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + 2*a*_Z + (8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(2/3) - a*(8*_Z^3 + 6*_Z^2*a - 3*_Z*a^2 - a^3 + 3*sqrt(3)*sqrt(-4*_Z^4*a^2 - 4*_Z^3*a^3 - _Z^2*a^4 + 32*_Z^4 + 24*_Z^3*a - 12*_Z^2*a^2 - 4*_Z*a^3 + 108*_Z^2) + 54*_Z)^(1/3) + a^2):

Error, (in RootOf) _Z occurs but is not the dependent variable

 >