I think I mentioned this before long time ago and never got any satisfactory answer. So I thought I will try again.
I never been able to figure why/how dsolve decides when to integrate the intermediate result vs. keeping the integral inert, even though it can integrate it.
It must use some rule internal to decide this, and this is what I am trying to find out.
Here is a very simple separable ode. So this is just really an integration problem.
The first thing that comes to mind, is that Maple could not integrate it, that is why it gave inert integral. but it can integrate it but the result is a little long
int((b^2 - 1)/(b*y + sqrt(y^2 + b^2 - 1)),y)
So it could have generated the above implicit solution instead. Now notice what happens when I make very small change the ode.
In the above I changed b*y to just y and guess what, now maple will integrate it and give an implicit solution instead of an inert integral
In both cases, Maple is able to do the integration. But in first case, it returned an inert integral and in the second it did not.
my question is why? Does it have a rule where if the size of the integral is larger than some limit, it does not solve it? Did it say,
"I think this result is too complicated to the user, so I will keep the integral inert instead"
If so, what are the rules it uses to decide when to do the integration and when to keep it inert? Is it based on leafcount? number of terms? something else?
infolevel does not give a hint on this, as all what it says is that it is separable.
Any one has an ideas on this?