Venkat Subramanian

331 Reputation

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12 years, 337 days

MaplePrimes Activity


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Details about our approach for phase-field models are provided in a paper just submitted. 
https://ecsarxiv.org/k2vu6/
 

Maple code (based on UMFPACK linearsolver and different compiled procedures for marching in time) is given here. Run the code for small values of NN and MM and keep increasing them. The goal is to do 100, 200, 400, etc and still get the code to run very fast.
 

restart:

t11:=time():

t12:=time[real]():

Digits:=15;

15

(1)

NN is the number of node points (elements) in the X and MM is the number of elements in the Y direction. delta is the applied current density at the top (Y =1). tf is the final time for simulation. vel is the velocity constant v in the paper. ki0 is the scaled exchange current density k in the paper. This code can be run for positive values of delta. This simulates plating. At the end of simulation, changing delta to negative values and rerunning the code will automatically used the geometry at the end of plating.
Ydatstore stores the geometry at every point in time. Phiaveadd stores the total liquid phase in the domain at any point in time.
Users can change NN, delta, tf, vel, ki0, MM just in this line and choose Edit execute worksheet to run for different design parameters.

Users can modify the call for y0proc for choosing different models.

Users can modify the call for HF to run first-order upwind, ENO2 or WENO3 methods. NN and MM should be even numbers.

NN:=100;delta:=0.1;tf:=2.0;vel:=1.0;ki0:=1.0;MM:=NN;

100

 

.1

 

2.0

 

1.0

 

1.0

 

100

(2)

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

102

 

100

(3)

 

Initial geometry, Model 1, semicircle in a square

y0proc1:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
rr:=xx^2+yy^2;
Y00[i,j]:=max(1e-9,0.5+0.5*tanh((sqrt(rr)-0.3)/w/sqrt(2.0))):
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

Model 2, square in a square

y0proc2:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)# square inside a circle, Model 2
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
if xx <=0.3 and yy<=0.3 then Y00[i,j]:=1e-9; else Y00[i,j]:=1.0:end:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

 

Initial geometry, Model 3, electrodeposition problem trenches and via

y0proc3:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
if abs(xx-0.5) >0.2 and yy<=0.5 then Y00[i,j]:=1e-9; else Y00[i,j]:=1.0:end:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

 

Initial geometry, Model 4, Gaussian Seed at the bottom

y0proc4:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
rr:=0.1+0.1*exp(-500.*(xx-0.5)^2);
Y00[i,j]:=max(1e-9,0.5+0.5*tanh((yy-rr)/w/sqrt(2.0))):
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

y0proc:=eval(y0proc1):#choose different models using y0proc2, etc.

Y00:=Matrix(1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

evalhf(y0proc(NN,MM,Y00)):

if delta<0 then read("Y0data.m"):end:

if delta<0 then read("tdata.m"):end:

tf;

2.0

(4)

p0:=plots:-surfdata(Y00,-h/2..NN*h+h/2,-h/2..MM*h+h/2,dimension=2,style=surface,colorscheme = ["Red", "Green", "Blue"]):

printlevel:=2;

2

(5)

eq:=Array(1..N,1..M):

Nx:=NN:

 

 

Next, boundary conditiosn at X  = 0, X =1, Y = 0, Y = 1 are specified below, but these equations are not used and optimally coded inside the procedure Eqs11.

for i from 1 to 1 do for j from 1 to M do eq[i,j]:=-Phi[i,j]+Phi[i+1,j]:od:od:

for i from N to N do for j from 1 to M do eq[i,j]:=Phi[i-1,j]-Phi[i,j]:od:od:

for i from 1 to N do for j from 1 to 1 do eq[i,j]:=Phi[i,j+1]-Phi[i,j]:od:od:

for i from 1 to N do for j from M to M do eq[i,j]:=Phi[i,j-1]-Phi[i,j]+delta*h:od:od:

Eqs:=Vector(N*(M)):

N,M;

102, 102

(6)

 

Residues at different points in X and Y are coded in the Eqs11 procedure. Y0 is the input phase-field parameter (2D Matrix). The potential y is a vector to expedite the calculation of residue.

Eqs11:=proc(Y0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),y::Vector(datatype=float[8]),delta::float,ki0::float,ff::Vector(datatype=float[8]))
local i::integer,j::integer,i1::integer,h::float[8];
global N,M;
h:=1.0/(N-2):

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=
(Y0[i,j]+Y0[i,j+1])*(y[i1+N]-y[i1])
-(Y0[i,j]+Y0[i,j-1])*(y[i1]-y[i1-N])
+(Y0[i+1,j]+Y0[i,j])*(y[i1+1]-y[i1])
-(Y0[i,j]+Y0[i-1,j])*(y[i1]-y[i1-1])
-ki0*y[i1]*h*(1e-24+(Y0[i+1,j]-Y0[i-1,j])^2+(Y0[i,j+1]-Y0[i,j-1])^2)^(1/2):
od:od:
for i from 1 to 1 do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+1]:
od:od:
for i from N to N do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-1]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from 1 to 1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+N]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from M to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-N]+delta*h:
od:od:
#print(1);
#ff;
end proc:

 

The Jacobian for the residues is coded int he procedure Jac1.

Jac1:=proc(Y0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),y::Vector(datatype=float[8]),delta::float,ki0::float,j00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]))
local i::integer,j::integer,i1::integer,h::float[8];
global N,M;
h:=1.0/(N-2):

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-4*Y0[i,j]-Y0[i,j+1]-Y0[i,j-1]-Y0[i+1,j]-Y0[i-1,j]-ki0*h*(1e-24+(Y0[i+1,j]-Y0[i-1,j])^2+(Y0[i,j+1]-Y0[i,j-1])^2)^(1/2):
j00[i1,i1+1]:=Y0[i+1,j]+Y0[i,j]:j00[i1,i1-1]:=Y0[i-1,j]+Y0[i,j]:
j00[i1,i1+N]:=Y0[i,j+1]+Y0[i,j]:j00[i1,i1-N]:=Y0[i,j-1]+Y0[i,j]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to 1 do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1+1]:=1.00:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+1]:
od:od:
for i from N to N do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1-1]:=1.00:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-1]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from 1 to 1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+N]:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1+N]:=1.00:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from M to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1-N]:=1.00:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-N]+delta*h:
od:od:
#print(1);
#ff;
end proc:

Eqs11:=Compiler:-Compile(Eqs11):

 

ntot:=N*(M);

10404

(7)

Ntot:=ntot;

10404

(8)

 

First-order Upwind method is coded in the procedure UpW.

UpW:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float,N::integer,M::integer,v0::float)
local i::integer,j::integer,h::float[8],nx::float[8],vel::float[8],vx::float[8],vy::float[8],phix::float[8],phiy::float[8],phiave::float[8],jj::integer,phixb::float[8],phixf::float[8],phixb2::float[8],phixf2::float[8],vxb::float[8],phiyb::float[8],phiyf::float[8],vxf::float[8],phiyb2::float[8],phiyf2::float[8],vyb::float[8],vyf::float[8],uf::float[8],ub::float[8],vf::float[8],vb::float[8],tt::float[8],vv0::float[8],sd::float[8],sdf::float[8],sdb::float[8],sdx::float[8],sdy::float[8],sdxb::float[8],s1x::float[8],sdxf::float[8],sdyb::float[8],sdyf::float[8],s1y::float[8],vx1::float[8],vx2::float[8],vy1::float[8],vy2::float[8],w1::float[8],w2::float[8],r1::float[8],r2::float[8],alpha::float[8],beta::float[8];
#e1:=1e-15:

h:=1.0/(N-2):

vv0:=v0:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
vx:=0.0:vy:=0.0:phix:=0.0:phiy:=0.0:


vx1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i-1,j])/h:
vx2:=(Y00[i+1,j]-Y00[i,j])/h:


vy1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i,j-1])/h:
vy2:=(Y00[i,j+1]-Y00[i,j])/h:

if v0>=0 then
vx1:=max(vx1,0):vx2:=-min(vx2,0): else
vx1:=-min(vx1,0):vx2:=max(vx2,0): end:

if v0>=0 then
vy1:=max(vy1,0):vy2:=-min(vy2,0): else
vy1:=-min(vy1,0):vy2:=max(vy2,0): end:
nx:=sqrt(max(vx1,vx2)^2+max(vy1,vy2)^2):
F0[i,j]:=nx:
od:od:

end proc:

 

Second-order ENO2 method is coded in the procedure ENO2.

ENO2:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float,N::integer,M::integer,v0::float)
local i::integer,j::integer,h::float[8],nx::float[8],vel::float[8],vx::float[8],vy::float[8],phix::float[8],phiy::float[8],phiave::float[8],jj::integer,phixb::float[8],phixf::float[8],phixb2::float[8],phixf2::float[8],vxb::float[8],phiyb::float[8],phiyf::float[8],vxf::float[8],phiyb2::float[8],phiyf2::float[8],vyb::float[8],vyf::float[8],uf::float[8],ub::float[8],vf::float[8],vb::float[8],tt::float[8],vv0::float[8],sd::float[8],sdf::float[8],sdb::float[8],sdx::float[8],sdy::float[8],sdxb::float[8],s1x::float[8],sdxf::float[8],sdyb::float[8],sdyf::float[8],s1y::float[8],vx1::float[8],vx2::float[8],vy1::float[8],vy2::float[8],alpha::float[8],beta::float[8];


h:=1.0/(N-2):
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
vx:=0.0:vy:=0.0:phix:=0.0:phiy:=0.0:

sdx:=(Y00[i+1,j]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i-1,j])/h:sdy:=(Y00[i,j+1]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i,j-1])/h:
vxb:=0:vxf:=0:vyb:=0:vyf:=0:
if i = 2 then sdxb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-1,j])/h:else sdxb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-2,j])/h:end:
if sdx*sdxb>=0 then s1x:=1.0 else s1x:=0.0:end:
vx1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i-1,j])/h+0.5*signum(sdx)*s1x*min(abs(sdx),abs(sdxb)):

if i = N-1 then sdxf:=(Y00[i+1,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i,j])/h:else sdxf:=(Y00[i+2,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i,j])/h:end:
if sdx*sdxf>=0 then s1x:=1.0 else s1x:=0.0:end:
vx2:=(Y00[i+1,j]-Y00[i,j])/h-0.5*signum(sdx)*s1x*min(abs(sdx),abs(sdxf)):


if j = 2 then sdyb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-1])/h:else sdyb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-2])/h:end:
if sdy*sdyb>=0 then s1y:=1.0 else s1y:=0.0:end:
vy1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i,j-1])/h+0.5*signum(sdy)*s1y*min(abs(sdy),abs(sdyb)):

if j = M-1 then sdyf:=(Y00[i,j+1]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j])/h:else sdyf:=(Y00[i,j+2]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j])/h:end:
if sdy*sdyf>=0 then s1y:=1.0 else s1y:=0.0:end:
vy2:=(Y00[i,j+1]-Y00[i,j])/h+0.5*signum(sdy)*s1y*min(abs(sdy),abs(sdyf)):

if v0>=0 then
vx1:=max(vx1,0):vx2:=-min(vx2,0): else
vx1:=-min(vx1,0):vx2:=max(vx2,0): end:

if v0>=0 then
vy1:=max(vy1,0):vy2:=-min(vy2,0): else
vy1:=-min(vy1,0):vy2:=max(vy2,0): end:
nx:=sqrt(max(vx1,vx2)^2+max(vy1,vy2)^2):

F0[i,j]:=nx:
od:od:

end proc:

 

Third-order WENO3 method is coded in the procedure WENO3.

WENO3:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float,N::integer,M::integer,v0::float)
local i::integer,j::integer,h::float[8],nx::float[8],vel::float[8],vx::float[8],vy::float[8],phix::float[8],phiy::float[8],phiave::float[8],jj::integer,phixb::float[8],phixf::float[8],phixb2::float[8],phixf2::float[8],vxb::float[8],phiyb::float[8],phiyf::float[8],vxf::float[8],phiyb2::float[8],phiyf2::float[8],vyb::float[8],vyf::float[8],uf::float[8],ub::float[8],vf::float[8],vb::float[8],tt::float[8],vv0::float[8],sd::float[8],sdf::float[8],sdb::float[8],sdx::float[8],sdy::float[8],sdxb::float[8],s1x::float[8],sdxf::float[8],sdyb::float[8],sdyf::float[8],s1y::float[8],vx1::float[8],vx2::float[8],vy1::float[8],vy2::float[8],w1::float[8],w2::float[8],r1::float[8],r2::float[8],alpha::float[8],beta::float[8],e1::float[8];
e1:=1e-6:

h:=1.0/(N-2):

vv0:=v0:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
vx:=0.0:vy:=0.0:phix:=0.0:phiy:=0.0:
phix:=(Y00[i+1,j]-Y00[i-1,j])/2/h:
phiy:=(Y00[i,j+1]-Y00[i,j-1])/2/h:

if i = 2 then sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-1,j]: else sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-2,j]:end:
sd:=Y00[i+1,j]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i-1,j]:
if i = N-1 then sdf:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i+1,j]: else sdf:=Y00[i+2,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i,j]:end:
r1:=(e1+sdb^2)/(e1+sd^2):w1:=1/(1+2*r1^2):r2:=(e1+sdf^2)/(e1+sd^2):w2:=1/(1+2*r2^2):
vx1:=phix-0.5*w1/h*(sd-sdb):
vx2:=phix-0.5*w2/h*(sdf-sd):

if j = 2 then sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-1]:else sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-2]:end:
sd:=Y00[i,j+1]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i,j-1]:
if j = M-1 then sdf:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j+1]: else sdf:=Y00[i,j+2]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j]:end:
r1:=(e1+sdb^2)/(e1+sd^2):w1:=1/(1+2*r1^2):r2:=(e1+sdf^2)/(e1+sd^2):w2:=1/(1+2*r2^2):

vy1:=phiy-0.5*w1/h*(sd-sdb):
vy2:=phiy-0.5*w2/h*(sdf-sd):

if v0>=0 then
vx1:=max(vx1,0):vx2:=-min(vx2,0): else
vx1:=-min(vx1,0):vx2:=max(vx2,0): end:

if v0>=0 then
vy1:=max(vy1,0):vy2:=-min(vy2,0): else
vy1:=-min(vy1,0):vy2:=max(vy2,0): end:
nx:=sqrt(max(vx1,vx2)^2+max(vy1,vy2)^2):
#nx:=sqrt(vx1^2+vx2^2+vy1^2+vy^2):

F0[i,j]:=nx:
od:od:

end proc:

 

UpW:=Compiler:-Compile(UpW):

ENO2:=Compiler:-Compile(ENO2):

WENO3:=Compiler:-Compile(WENO3):

F0:=Matrix(1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

h/0.1/2;

0.500000000000000e-1

(9)

 

Nx;

100

(10)

PhiAdd:=proc(N::integer,Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),db::Vector(datatype=float[8]))
local i::integer;
for i from 1 to N do Phi0[i]:=Phi0[i]+db[i]:od:
end proc:

PhiAdd:=Compiler:-Compile(PhiAdd):

Ntot:=ntot:

Phi0:=Vector(1..Ntot,datatype=float[8]):

printlevel:=1:

ff:=copy(Phi0):

 

Phi0:=Vector(1..Ntot,datatype=float[8]):

j00:=Matrix(1..Ntot,1..Ntot,datatype=float[8],storage=sparse):

evalf(Eqs11(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));

0.100000000000000e-2

(11)

Jac1(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):

db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):

Phi0:=Phi0+db:

V[0]:=(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]/2+Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]/2)+h/2*delta;

HFloat(0.31581237885872887)

(12)

TT[0]:=0;tt:=0:

0

(13)

vv0:=max(abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-N])):

dt:=min(h/vv0/vel/ki0,tf-tt);

HFloat(0.031202770994846224)

(14)

Ymid:=Matrix(1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

phiaveAdd:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),N::integer,M::integer,Ny::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer,phiave::float;
phiave:=0.0:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do phiave:=phiave+Y00[i,j]:od:od:
phiave/(N-2)/(M-2);
end proc:

phiaveAdd:=Compiler:-Compile(phiaveAdd):

Ny;M;

100

 

102

(15)

phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);

.929280193991299241

(16)

 

The three stages of  SSR-RK3 are stored in EFAdd, EFAdd2 and EFAdd3

EFAdd:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ymid::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float[8],vel::float[8],ki0::float[8],N::integer,M::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
#for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do Ymid[i,j]:=Y00[i,j]-dt*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]:od:od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do Ymid[i,j]:=max(1e-9,Y00[i,j]-dt*vel*ki0*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]):od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Ymid[i,1]:=Ymid[i,2]:
Ymid[i,M]:=Ymid[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Ymid[1,j]:=Ymid[2,j]:
Ymid[N,j]:=Ymid[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

EFAdd:=Compiler:-Compile(EFAdd):

EFAdd2:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ymid::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float[8],vel::float[8],ki0::float[8],N::integer,M::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
Ymid[i,j]:=max(1e-9,Y00[i,j]*3/4.+Ymid[i,j]/4.-dt/4.*vel*ki0*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]):od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Ymid[i,1]:=Ymid[i,2]:
Ymid[i,M]:=Ymid[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Ymid[1,j]:=Ymid[2,j]:
Ymid[N,j]:=Ymid[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

EFAdd2:=Compiler:-Compile(EFAdd2):

EFAdd3:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ymid::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float[8],vel::float[8],ki0::float[8],N::integer,M::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
Y00[i,j]:=max(1e-9,Y00[i,j]*1/3.+Ymid[i,j]*2/3.-dt*2/3.*vel*ki0*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]):od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

EFAdd3:=Compiler:-Compile(EFAdd3):

 

YdatStore:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ydat::Array(datatype=float[8]),N::integer,M::integer,jj::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
Ydat[jj,i,j]:=Y00[i,j]:od:od:
end proc:

YdatStore:=Compiler:-Compile(YdatStore):

Phiave[0]:=phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);

.929280193991299241

(17)

 

Nt:=round(tf/dt)+50;

114

(18)

printlevel:=1:

Ymid:=copy(Y00):

Ydat:=Array(1..Nt+1,1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

YdatStore(Y00,Ydat,N,M,1);

1.

(19)

 

ii:=0:TT[0];tt;

0

 

0

(20)

 

Different upwind schemes can be called by assign WENO3, UpW or ENO3 scheme.

HF:=eval(WENO3):

#HF:=eval(UpW):

#HF:=eval(ENO2):

 

A while loop is written from t=0 to t= tf.

while tt<tf do
HF(Y00,Phi0,F0,evalf(dt),N,M,delta):
EFAdd(Y00,Ymid,Phi0,F0,dt,vel,ki0,N,M);
evalf(Eqs11(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));
Jac1(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):
db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):
PhiAdd(Ntot,Phi0,db):
HF(Ymid,Phi0,F0,evalf(dt),N,M,delta):
EFAdd2(Y00,Ymid,Phi0,F0,dt,vel,ki0,N,M);
evalf(Eqs11(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));
Jac1(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):
db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):
PhiAdd(Ntot,Phi0,db):
HF(Ymid,Phi0,F0,evalf(dt),N,M,delta):
EFAdd3(Y00,Ymid,Phi0,F0,dt,vel,ki0,N,M);
evalf(Eqs11(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));
Jac1(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):
db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):
PhiAdd(Ntot,Phi0,db):
ii:=ii+1:#print(i);
V[ii]:=(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]/2+Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]/2)+h/2*delta;#print(ii,V[ii]);
TT[ii]:=TT[ii-1]+dt:tt:=tt+dt:
YdatStore(Y00,Ydat,N,M,ii+1);
Phiave[ii]:=phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);
vv0:=max(abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-N])):
dt:=min(h/vv0/vel/ki0,tf-tt);#print(tt,ii,dt);
#YdatStore(Y00,Ydat,N,M,i+1);
#Phiave[i]:=phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);
end:

 

nt:=ii;

46

(21)

V[nt];

HFloat(0.17021428328406052)

(22)

 

Voltage time curves are plotted below. Voltage is measured at X = 0.5, Y = 1.

plot([[seq([TT[ii],V[ii]],ii=0..nt)]],style=point);

 

 

Voltage at the end of plating, cpu time can be documented as

V[nt];time[real]()-t12;time()-t11;NN;

HFloat(0.17021428328406052)

 

19.042

 

14.719

 

100

(23)

 

p1:=plots:-surfdata(Y00,-h/2..NN*h+h/2,-h/2..MM*h+h/2,dimension=2,style=surface,colorscheme = ["Red", "Green", "Blue"]):

tf:=TT[nt];

HFloat(2.0)

(24)

Contour plots at t= 0 and t = 2.0 (at the of plating are given below)

plots:-display({p0});plots:-display({p1});

 

 

 

 

The liquid phase content as a funciton of time is plotted below

plot([[seq([TT[ii],Phiave[ii]],ii=0..nt)]],style=point);

 

 

save Y00,"Y0data.m";

save tf,"tdata.m";

read("Y0data.m"):

plots:-surfdata(Y00,-h/2..NN*h+h/2,-h/2..MM*h+h/2,dimension=2,style=surface,colorscheme = ["Red", "Green", "Blue"]);

 

 


 

Download Phasefield2DBaseCodeParametric.mw
 

restart:

t11:=time():

t12:=time[real]():

Digits:=15;

15

(1)

NN is the number of node points (elements) in the X and MM is the number of elements in the Y direction. delta is the applied current density at the top (Y =1). tf is the final time for simulation. vel is the velocity constant v in the paper. ki0 is the scaled exchange current density k in the paper. This code can be run for positive values of delta. This simulates plating. At the end of simulation, changing delta to negative values and rerunning the code will automatically used the geometry at the end of plating.
Ydatstore stores the geometry at every point in time. Phiaveadd stores the total liquid phase in the domain at any point in time.
Users can change NN, delta, tf, vel, ki0, MM just in this line and choose Edit execute worksheet to run for different design parameters.

Users can modify the call for y0proc for choosing different models.

Users can modify the call for HF to run first-order upwind, ENO2 or WENO3 methods. NN and MM should be even numbers.

NN:=100;delta:=0.1;tf:=2.0;vel:=1.0;ki0:=1.0;MM:=NN;

100

 

.1

 

2.0

 

1.0

 

1.0

 

100

(2)

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

102

 

100

(3)

 

Initial geometry, Model 1, semicircle in a square

y0proc1:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
rr:=xx^2+yy^2;
Y00[i,j]:=max(1e-9,0.5+0.5*tanh((sqrt(rr)-0.3)/w/sqrt(2.0))):
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

Model 2, square in a square

y0proc2:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)# square inside a circle, Model 2
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
if xx <=0.3 and yy<=0.3 then Y00[i,j]:=1e-9; else Y00[i,j]:=1.0:end:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

 

Initial geometry, Model 3, electrodeposition problem trenches and via

y0proc3:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
if abs(xx-0.5) >0.2 and yy<=0.5 then Y00[i,j]:=1e-9; else Y00[i,j]:=1.0:end:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

 

Initial geometry, Model 4, Gaussian Seed at the bottom

y0proc4:=proc(NN,MM,Y00)
local i,j,xx,yy,N,h,w,M,Ny,rf,f,ff,rr;

N:=NN+2:h:=1.0/NN:w:=h/2:

M:=MM+2;Ny:=MM;

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
xx:=-0+(i-1/2-1)*h:yy:=-0+(j-1/2-1)*h:
rr:=0.1+0.1*exp(-500.*(xx-0.5)^2);
Y00[i,j]:=max(1e-9,0.5+0.5*tanh((yy-rr)/w/sqrt(2.0))):
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

 

y0proc:=eval(y0proc1):#choose different models using y0proc2, etc.

Y00:=Matrix(1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

evalhf(y0proc(NN,MM,Y00)):

if delta<0 then read("Y0data.m"):end:

if delta<0 then read("tdata.m"):end:

tf;

2.0

(4)

p0:=plots:-surfdata(Y00,-h/2..NN*h+h/2,-h/2..MM*h+h/2,dimension=2,style=surface,colorscheme = ["Red", "Green", "Blue"]):

printlevel:=2;

2

(5)

eq:=Array(1..N,1..M):

Nx:=NN:

 

 

Next, boundary conditiosn at X  = 0, X =1, Y = 0, Y = 1 are specified below, but these equations are not used and optimally coded inside the procedure Eqs11.

for i from 1 to 1 do for j from 1 to M do eq[i,j]:=-Phi[i,j]+Phi[i+1,j]:od:od:

for i from N to N do for j from 1 to M do eq[i,j]:=Phi[i-1,j]-Phi[i,j]:od:od:

for i from 1 to N do for j from 1 to 1 do eq[i,j]:=Phi[i,j+1]-Phi[i,j]:od:od:

for i from 1 to N do for j from M to M do eq[i,j]:=Phi[i,j-1]-Phi[i,j]+delta*h:od:od:

Eqs:=Vector(N*(M)):

N,M;

102, 102

(6)

 

Residues at different points in X and Y are coded in the Eqs11 procedure. Y0 is the input phase-field parameter (2D Matrix). The potential y is a vector to expedite the calculation of residue.

Eqs11:=proc(Y0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),y::Vector(datatype=float[8]),delta::float,ki0::float,ff::Vector(datatype=float[8]))
local i::integer,j::integer,i1::integer,h::float[8];
global N,M;
h:=1.0/(N-2):

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=
(Y0[i,j]+Y0[i,j+1])*(y[i1+N]-y[i1])
-(Y0[i,j]+Y0[i,j-1])*(y[i1]-y[i1-N])
+(Y0[i+1,j]+Y0[i,j])*(y[i1+1]-y[i1])
-(Y0[i,j]+Y0[i-1,j])*(y[i1]-y[i1-1])
-ki0*y[i1]*h*(1e-24+(Y0[i+1,j]-Y0[i-1,j])^2+(Y0[i,j+1]-Y0[i,j-1])^2)^(1/2):
od:od:
for i from 1 to 1 do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+1]:
od:od:
for i from N to N do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-1]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from 1 to 1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+N]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from M to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-N]+delta*h:
od:od:
#print(1);
#ff;
end proc:

 

The Jacobian for the residues is coded int he procedure Jac1.

Jac1:=proc(Y0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),y::Vector(datatype=float[8]),delta::float,ki0::float,j00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]))
local i::integer,j::integer,i1::integer,h::float[8];
global N,M;
h:=1.0/(N-2):

for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-4*Y0[i,j]-Y0[i,j+1]-Y0[i,j-1]-Y0[i+1,j]-Y0[i-1,j]-ki0*h*(1e-24+(Y0[i+1,j]-Y0[i-1,j])^2+(Y0[i,j+1]-Y0[i,j-1])^2)^(1/2):
j00[i1,i1+1]:=Y0[i+1,j]+Y0[i,j]:j00[i1,i1-1]:=Y0[i-1,j]+Y0[i,j]:
j00[i1,i1+N]:=Y0[i,j+1]+Y0[i,j]:j00[i1,i1-N]:=Y0[i,j-1]+Y0[i,j]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to 1 do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1+1]:=1.00:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+1]:
od:od:
for i from N to N do for j from 1 to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1-1]:=1.00:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-1]:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from 1 to 1 do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1+N]:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1+N]:=1.00:
od:od:
for i from 1 to N do for j from M to M do
i1:=i+(j-1)*N:
j00[i1,i1]:=-1.0:j00[i1,i1-N]:=1.00:
#ff[i1]:=-y[i1]+y[i1-N]+delta*h:
od:od:
#print(1);
#ff;
end proc:

Eqs11:=Compiler:-Compile(Eqs11):

 

ntot:=N*(M);

10404

(7)

Ntot:=ntot;

10404

(8)

 

First-order Upwind method is coded in the procedure UpW.

UpW:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float,N::integer,M::integer,v0::float)
local i::integer,j::integer,h::float[8],nx::float[8],vel::float[8],vx::float[8],vy::float[8],phix::float[8],phiy::float[8],phiave::float[8],jj::integer,phixb::float[8],phixf::float[8],phixb2::float[8],phixf2::float[8],vxb::float[8],phiyb::float[8],phiyf::float[8],vxf::float[8],phiyb2::float[8],phiyf2::float[8],vyb::float[8],vyf::float[8],uf::float[8],ub::float[8],vf::float[8],vb::float[8],tt::float[8],vv0::float[8],sd::float[8],sdf::float[8],sdb::float[8],sdx::float[8],sdy::float[8],sdxb::float[8],s1x::float[8],sdxf::float[8],sdyb::float[8],sdyf::float[8],s1y::float[8],vx1::float[8],vx2::float[8],vy1::float[8],vy2::float[8],w1::float[8],w2::float[8],r1::float[8],r2::float[8],alpha::float[8],beta::float[8];
#e1:=1e-15:

h:=1.0/(N-2):

vv0:=v0:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
vx:=0.0:vy:=0.0:phix:=0.0:phiy:=0.0:


vx1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i-1,j])/h:
vx2:=(Y00[i+1,j]-Y00[i,j])/h:


vy1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i,j-1])/h:
vy2:=(Y00[i,j+1]-Y00[i,j])/h:

if v0>=0 then
vx1:=max(vx1,0):vx2:=-min(vx2,0): else
vx1:=-min(vx1,0):vx2:=max(vx2,0): end:

if v0>=0 then
vy1:=max(vy1,0):vy2:=-min(vy2,0): else
vy1:=-min(vy1,0):vy2:=max(vy2,0): end:
nx:=sqrt(max(vx1,vx2)^2+max(vy1,vy2)^2):
F0[i,j]:=nx:
od:od:

end proc:

 

Second-order ENO2 method is coded in the procedure ENO2.

ENO2:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float,N::integer,M::integer,v0::float)
local i::integer,j::integer,h::float[8],nx::float[8],vel::float[8],vx::float[8],vy::float[8],phix::float[8],phiy::float[8],phiave::float[8],jj::integer,phixb::float[8],phixf::float[8],phixb2::float[8],phixf2::float[8],vxb::float[8],phiyb::float[8],phiyf::float[8],vxf::float[8],phiyb2::float[8],phiyf2::float[8],vyb::float[8],vyf::float[8],uf::float[8],ub::float[8],vf::float[8],vb::float[8],tt::float[8],vv0::float[8],sd::float[8],sdf::float[8],sdb::float[8],sdx::float[8],sdy::float[8],sdxb::float[8],s1x::float[8],sdxf::float[8],sdyb::float[8],sdyf::float[8],s1y::float[8],vx1::float[8],vx2::float[8],vy1::float[8],vy2::float[8],alpha::float[8],beta::float[8];


h:=1.0/(N-2):
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
vx:=0.0:vy:=0.0:phix:=0.0:phiy:=0.0:

sdx:=(Y00[i+1,j]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i-1,j])/h:sdy:=(Y00[i,j+1]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i,j-1])/h:
vxb:=0:vxf:=0:vyb:=0:vyf:=0:
if i = 2 then sdxb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-1,j])/h:else sdxb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-2,j])/h:end:
if sdx*sdxb>=0 then s1x:=1.0 else s1x:=0.0:end:
vx1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i-1,j])/h+0.5*signum(sdx)*s1x*min(abs(sdx),abs(sdxb)):

if i = N-1 then sdxf:=(Y00[i+1,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i,j])/h:else sdxf:=(Y00[i+2,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i,j])/h:end:
if sdx*sdxf>=0 then s1x:=1.0 else s1x:=0.0:end:
vx2:=(Y00[i+1,j]-Y00[i,j])/h-0.5*signum(sdx)*s1x*min(abs(sdx),abs(sdxf)):


if j = 2 then sdyb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-1])/h:else sdyb:=(Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-2])/h:end:
if sdy*sdyb>=0 then s1y:=1.0 else s1y:=0.0:end:
vy1:=(Y00[i,j]-Y00[i,j-1])/h+0.5*signum(sdy)*s1y*min(abs(sdy),abs(sdyb)):

if j = M-1 then sdyf:=(Y00[i,j+1]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j])/h:else sdyf:=(Y00[i,j+2]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j])/h:end:
if sdy*sdyf>=0 then s1y:=1.0 else s1y:=0.0:end:
vy2:=(Y00[i,j+1]-Y00[i,j])/h+0.5*signum(sdy)*s1y*min(abs(sdy),abs(sdyf)):

if v0>=0 then
vx1:=max(vx1,0):vx2:=-min(vx2,0): else
vx1:=-min(vx1,0):vx2:=max(vx2,0): end:

if v0>=0 then
vy1:=max(vy1,0):vy2:=-min(vy2,0): else
vy1:=-min(vy1,0):vy2:=max(vy2,0): end:
nx:=sqrt(max(vx1,vx2)^2+max(vy1,vy2)^2):

F0[i,j]:=nx:
od:od:

end proc:

 

Third-order WENO3 method is coded in the procedure WENO3.

WENO3:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float,N::integer,M::integer,v0::float)
local i::integer,j::integer,h::float[8],nx::float[8],vel::float[8],vx::float[8],vy::float[8],phix::float[8],phiy::float[8],phiave::float[8],jj::integer,phixb::float[8],phixf::float[8],phixb2::float[8],phixf2::float[8],vxb::float[8],phiyb::float[8],phiyf::float[8],vxf::float[8],phiyb2::float[8],phiyf2::float[8],vyb::float[8],vyf::float[8],uf::float[8],ub::float[8],vf::float[8],vb::float[8],tt::float[8],vv0::float[8],sd::float[8],sdf::float[8],sdb::float[8],sdx::float[8],sdy::float[8],sdxb::float[8],s1x::float[8],sdxf::float[8],sdyb::float[8],sdyf::float[8],s1y::float[8],vx1::float[8],vx2::float[8],vy1::float[8],vy2::float[8],w1::float[8],w2::float[8],r1::float[8],r2::float[8],alpha::float[8],beta::float[8],e1::float[8];
e1:=1e-6:

h:=1.0/(N-2):

vv0:=v0:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
vx:=0.0:vy:=0.0:phix:=0.0:phiy:=0.0:
phix:=(Y00[i+1,j]-Y00[i-1,j])/2/h:
phiy:=(Y00[i,j+1]-Y00[i,j-1])/2/h:

if i = 2 then sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-1,j]: else sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i-1,j]+Y00[i-2,j]:end:
sd:=Y00[i+1,j]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i-1,j]:
if i = N-1 then sdf:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i+1,j]: else sdf:=Y00[i+2,j]-2*Y00[i+1,j]+Y00[i,j]:end:
r1:=(e1+sdb^2)/(e1+sd^2):w1:=1/(1+2*r1^2):r2:=(e1+sdf^2)/(e1+sd^2):w2:=1/(1+2*r2^2):
vx1:=phix-0.5*w1/h*(sd-sdb):
vx2:=phix-0.5*w2/h*(sdf-sd):

if j = 2 then sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-1]:else sdb:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j-1]+Y00[i,j-2]:end:
sd:=Y00[i,j+1]-2*Y00[i,j]+Y00[i,j-1]:
if j = M-1 then sdf:=Y00[i,j]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j+1]: else sdf:=Y00[i,j+2]-2*Y00[i,j+1]+Y00[i,j]:end:
r1:=(e1+sdb^2)/(e1+sd^2):w1:=1/(1+2*r1^2):r2:=(e1+sdf^2)/(e1+sd^2):w2:=1/(1+2*r2^2):

vy1:=phiy-0.5*w1/h*(sd-sdb):
vy2:=phiy-0.5*w2/h*(sdf-sd):

if v0>=0 then
vx1:=max(vx1,0):vx2:=-min(vx2,0): else
vx1:=-min(vx1,0):vx2:=max(vx2,0): end:

if v0>=0 then
vy1:=max(vy1,0):vy2:=-min(vy2,0): else
vy1:=-min(vy1,0):vy2:=max(vy2,0): end:
nx:=sqrt(max(vx1,vx2)^2+max(vy1,vy2)^2):
#nx:=sqrt(vx1^2+vx2^2+vy1^2+vy^2):

F0[i,j]:=nx:
od:od:

end proc:

 

UpW:=Compiler:-Compile(UpW):

ENO2:=Compiler:-Compile(ENO2):

WENO3:=Compiler:-Compile(WENO3):

F0:=Matrix(1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

h/0.1/2;

0.500000000000000e-1

(9)

 

Nx;

100

(10)

PhiAdd:=proc(N::integer,Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),db::Vector(datatype=float[8]))
local i::integer;
for i from 1 to N do Phi0[i]:=Phi0[i]+db[i]:od:
end proc:

PhiAdd:=Compiler:-Compile(PhiAdd):

Ntot:=ntot:

Phi0:=Vector(1..Ntot,datatype=float[8]):

printlevel:=1:

ff:=copy(Phi0):

 

Phi0:=Vector(1..Ntot,datatype=float[8]):

j00:=Matrix(1..Ntot,1..Ntot,datatype=float[8],storage=sparse):

evalf(Eqs11(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));

0.100000000000000e-2

(11)

Jac1(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):

db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):

Phi0:=Phi0+db:

V[0]:=(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]/2+Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]/2)+h/2*delta;

HFloat(0.31581237885872887)

(12)

TT[0]:=0;tt:=0:

0

(13)

vv0:=max(abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-N])):

dt:=min(h/vv0/vel/ki0,tf-tt);

HFloat(0.031202770994846224)

(14)

Ymid:=Matrix(1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

phiaveAdd:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),N::integer,M::integer,Ny::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer,phiave::float;
phiave:=0.0:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do phiave:=phiave+Y00[i,j]:od:od:
phiave/(N-2)/(M-2);
end proc:

phiaveAdd:=Compiler:-Compile(phiaveAdd):

Ny;M;

100

 

102

(15)

phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);

.929280193991299241

(16)

 

The three stages of  SSR-RK3 are stored in EFAdd, EFAdd2 and EFAdd3

EFAdd:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ymid::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float[8],vel::float[8],ki0::float[8],N::integer,M::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
#for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do Ymid[i,j]:=Y00[i,j]-dt*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]:od:od:
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do Ymid[i,j]:=max(1e-9,Y00[i,j]-dt*vel*ki0*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]):od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Ymid[i,1]:=Ymid[i,2]:
Ymid[i,M]:=Ymid[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Ymid[1,j]:=Ymid[2,j]:
Ymid[N,j]:=Ymid[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

EFAdd:=Compiler:-Compile(EFAdd):

EFAdd2:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ymid::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float[8],vel::float[8],ki0::float[8],N::integer,M::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
Ymid[i,j]:=max(1e-9,Y00[i,j]*3/4.+Ymid[i,j]/4.-dt/4.*vel*ki0*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]):od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Ymid[i,1]:=Ymid[i,2]:
Ymid[i,M]:=Ymid[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Ymid[1,j]:=Ymid[2,j]:
Ymid[N,j]:=Ymid[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

EFAdd2:=Compiler:-Compile(EFAdd2):

EFAdd3:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ymid::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Phi0::Vector(datatype=float[8]),F0::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),dt::float[8],vel::float[8],ki0::float[8],N::integer,M::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
Y00[i,j]:=max(1e-9,Y00[i,j]*1/3.+Ymid[i,j]*2/3.-dt*2/3.*vel*ki0*F0[i,j]*Phi0[i+(j-1)*N]):od:od:
for i from 1 to N do
Y00[i,1]:=Y00[i,2]:
Y00[i,M]:=Y00[i,M-1]:
od:
for j from 1 to M do
Y00[1,j]:=Y00[2,j]:
Y00[N,j]:=Y00[N-1,j]:
od:
end proc:

EFAdd3:=Compiler:-Compile(EFAdd3):

 

YdatStore:=proc(Y00::Matrix(datatype=float[8]),Ydat::Array(datatype=float[8]),N::integer,M::integer,jj::integer)
local i::integer,j::integer;
for i from 2 to N-1 do for j from 2 to M-1 do
Ydat[jj,i,j]:=Y00[i,j]:od:od:
end proc:

YdatStore:=Compiler:-Compile(YdatStore):

Phiave[0]:=phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);

.929280193991299241

(17)

 

Nt:=round(tf/dt)+50;

114

(18)

printlevel:=1:

Ymid:=copy(Y00):

Ydat:=Array(1..Nt+1,1..N,1..M,datatype=float[8]):

YdatStore(Y00,Ydat,N,M,1);

1.

(19)

 

ii:=0:TT[0];tt;

0

 

0

(20)

 

Different upwind schemes can be called by assign WENO3, UpW or ENO3 scheme.

HF:=eval(WENO3):

#HF:=eval(UpW):

#HF:=eval(ENO2):

 

A while loop is written from t=0 to t= tf.

while tt<tf do
HF(Y00,Phi0,F0,evalf(dt),N,M,delta):
EFAdd(Y00,Ymid,Phi0,F0,dt,vel,ki0,N,M);
evalf(Eqs11(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));
Jac1(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):
db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):
PhiAdd(Ntot,Phi0,db):
HF(Ymid,Phi0,F0,evalf(dt),N,M,delta):
EFAdd2(Y00,Ymid,Phi0,F0,dt,vel,ki0,N,M);
evalf(Eqs11(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));
Jac1(Ymid,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):
db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):
PhiAdd(Ntot,Phi0,db):
HF(Ymid,Phi0,F0,evalf(dt),N,M,delta):
EFAdd3(Y00,Ymid,Phi0,F0,dt,vel,ki0,N,M);
evalf(Eqs11(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,ff));
Jac1(Y00,Phi0,delta,ki0,j00):
db:=LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(j00,-ff,method=SparseDirect):
PhiAdd(Ntot,Phi0,db):
ii:=ii+1:#print(i);
V[ii]:=(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]/2+Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]/2)+h/2*delta;#print(ii,V[ii]);
TT[ii]:=TT[ii-1]+dt:tt:=tt+dt:
YdatStore(Y00,Ydat,N,M,ii+1);
Phiave[ii]:=phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);
vv0:=max(abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2]),abs(Phi0[ntot-2*N+N/2+1]),abs(Phi0[ntot-N])):
dt:=min(h/vv0/vel/ki0,tf-tt);#print(tt,ii,dt);
#YdatStore(Y00,Ydat,N,M,i+1);
#Phiave[i]:=phiaveAdd(Y00,N,M,Ny);
end:

 

nt:=ii;

46

(21)

V[nt];

HFloat(0.17021428328406052)

(22)

 

Voltage time curves are plotted below. Voltage is measured at X = 0.5, Y = 1.

plot([[seq([TT[ii],V[ii]],ii=0..nt)]],style=point);

 

 

Voltage at the end of plating, cpu time can be documented as

V[nt];time[real]()-t12;time()-t11;NN;

HFloat(0.17021428328406052)

 

19.042

 

14.719

 

100

(23)

 

p1:=plots:-surfdata(Y00,-h/2..NN*h+h/2,-h/2..MM*h+h/2,dimension=2,style=surface,colorscheme = ["Red", "Green", "Blue"]):

tf:=TT[nt];

HFloat(2.0)

(24)

Contour plots at t= 0 and t = 2.0 (at the of plating are given below)

plots:-display({p0});plots:-display({p1});

 

 

 

 

The liquid phase content as a funciton of time is plotted below

plot([[seq([TT[ii],Phiave[ii]],ii=0..nt)]],style=point);

 

 

save Y00,"Y0data.m";

save tf,"tdata.m";

read("Y0data.m"):

plots:-surfdata(Y00,-h/2..NN*h+h/2,-h/2..MM*h+h/2,dimension=2,style=surface,colorscheme = ["Red", "Green", "Blue"]);

 

 


 

Download Phasefield2DBaseCodeParametric.mw

 

@acer,
In the past, you had shown how to use take a given sparse A matrix and store the LU components and use the same factorization for multiple backsolves at https://www.mapleprimes.com/posts/41191-Solving-Sparse-Linear-Systems-In-Maple#comment200817

When PDEs are solved, we are calling the A matrix at every time step (with some discretizations in x) and the factorization is done and stored at every time step (this is time-consuming and memory-consuming). Is it possible to call UMFPACK using only the sparse storage and entries? The main routine seems to provide the option 

https://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/f77_src/umfpack/umfpack.html

This would mean that the pattern is found only once for the Jacobian at t= 0, then only the non-zero sparse entries (vector/row, not a matrix) are updated at every time step.

To be clear, what I am asking for is create a random sparse matrix (say 4x4 or 10x10)
create a b Vector.

Solve AZ =b with method = SparseDirect. (This should internally create and store R, CC, X as at https://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/f77_src/umfpack/umfpack.html)

Store R, CC, X and update only X for a different A matrix with the same sparsity pattern and solve for Z using stored (R, CC), and updated X.

Hi All,

https://www.maplesoft.com/support/helpJP/Maple/view.aspx?path=NAG%2ff11dec

This link shows that there are 3 options rgmres, cgs and bicgstab. When I use iterative solver, it uses the cgs option.

LinearAlgebra:-LinearSolve(
      A, b, method= SparseIterative)

LinearSolve:   "copying right hand side to enable external call"
LinearSolve:   "using method"   SparseIterative
LinearSolve:   "using method  "   SparseIterative
LinearSolve:   "calling external function"
LinearSolve:   "using CGS method"
LinearSolve:   "preconditioning with incomplete LU factorization"
LinearSolve:   "level of fill = "   0
LinearSolve:   "using complete pivoting strategy"
LinearSolve:   "dimension of workspaces for preconditioner = "   44
LinearSolve:   "using infinity norm in stopping criteria"
LinearSolve:   "setting maximum iterations to "   200
LinearSolve:   "setting tolerance to "   .10e-7
LinearSolve:   "NAG"   hw_f11zaf
LinearSolve:   "NAG"   hw_f11daf
LinearSolve:   "NAG"   hw_f11dcf
LinearSolve:   "number of iterations"   1
LinearSolve:   "residual computed last as"   3.33066907387547e-016
 

 

How can I force Maple to use BiCGSTAB?

thanks

I understand how Browse() works. Sometimes Maple crashes or fails for some programs. Is it possible to add print("here" ) into the the mla files in the library to identify why and where Maple fails?

 

Thanks

 

I would like to return local variable y (line 4 in showstat) in the attached dummy procedure (s1) without manually adding any comment inside the procedure s1. This procedure is a simple one and easy to copy paste/or change. When we have a long procedure, it is difficult to do so. I will always know the name of the local variable I want (say, y) and/or line number in showstat

Thanks

PS, I want to get y:=array(1..,2[(1)=x,2=zz])
 

restart;

s1:=proc(n,x)
local y,xx,i,j,zz::array(1..n,1..n);
for i from 1 to n do for j from 1 to n do zz[i,j]:=x[i]*(1+x[j]^2);od:
od:
y:=array(1..2,[(1)=x, (2)=zz]):
for j from 1 to n do xx[i]:=zz[i,i]/(add(zz[i,j],j=1..n));od:
0;
end proc;

s1 := proc (n, x) local y, xx, i, j, zz::(array(1 .. n, 1 .. n)); for i to n do for j to n do zz[i, j] := x[i]*(1+x[j]^2) end do end do; y := array(1 .. 2, [1 = x, 2 = zz]); for j to n do xx[i] := zz[i, i]/add(zz[i, j], j = 1 .. n) end do; 0 end proc

(1)

showstat(s1);

 

s1 := proc(n, x)

local y, xx, i, j, zz::array(1 .. n,1 .. n);

   1   for i to n do

   2     for j to n do

   3       zz[i,j] := x[i]*(1+x[j]^2)

         end do

       end do;

   4   y := array(1 .. 2,[1 = x, 2 = zz]);

   5   for j to n do

   6     xx[i] := zz[i,i]/add(zz[i,j],j = 1 .. n)

       end do;

   7   0

end proc

 

 

x0:=Vector(2,[1,1]);

x0 := Vector(2, {(1) = 1, (2) = 1})

(2)

s1(2,x0);

0

(3)

 


 

Download showstatexample.mws

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