MaplePrimes Questions

Is there a shortcut in Maple that will comment out a block of highlighted code? I tried searching on Mapleprimes but everytime I search I get a page generation error.

Hello :) 

I have a math problem, where I first need to use Linear regression to find the equation based on a set of data. I did that, no problem. 

However, in the next part of the problem I need to check if the residuals are under "normal distribution". Usually, I check if a dataset is normally distributed via "QQ-plot", and there will be no problems. But this time, because I need to check the residuals, I need to use the "residualQQplot(data,LinReg)" command to make it happen. But when I read the mean-value, mu, it says "-0," and nothing else? I know it should be "-3,2752*10^-15. 

The standard deviation is correct.

How do I fix this, so the residualQQplot shows me the right result? 

I have attached the worksheet here.

Thank you! 

what is the mathematics behind isolve? How can one selct special solutions?

Hello :) 

I don't know how to further simplify a complex equation as a solution to a differential equation. I have already tried "simplify(%)" etc. but it only repeats the same equation. I also know that it can be simplified to a much more "nice" equation in WordMat and TI-Nspire. I have attached a screenshot of my work. 

Thank you! 





I need to find the solution to the differential equation: y'=0.0768*f(x)^2/3-0.0102*f(x) when f(1)=59. 


dsolve({diff(f(x), x) = 0.768e-1*f(x)^(2/3)-0.102e-1*f(x), f(1) = 59}, f(x))

f(x) = 2097152/4913+(384/4913)*(16384-4352*59^(1/3)+289*59^(2/3))*exp(17/2500-(17/2500)*x)+(1/4913)*(835584*59^(1/3)-110976*59^(2/3)-1807285)*exp(51/5000-(51/5000)*x)+(49152/4913)*(17*59^(1/3)-128)*exp(17/5000-(17/5000)*x)



f(x) = 2097152/4913+(384/4913)*(16384-4352*59^(1/3)+289*59^(2/3))*exp(17/2500-(17/2500)*x)+(1/4913)*(835584*59^(1/3)-110976*59^(2/3)-1807285)*exp(51/5000-(51/5000)*x)+(49152/4913)*(17*59^(1/3)-128)*exp(17/5000-(17/5000)*x)




I can't understand this behavior. Any idea why it happens?

Solve is able to solve equation   f(y)=x+A for y, but can't solve   f(y)=x for y.

This is unexpected for me. I do not see why it can solve it when RHS is x+A but not when RHS is just x.




`Standard Worksheet Interface, Maple 2024.0, Windows 10, March 01 2024 Build ID 1794891`


`The "Physics Updates" version in the MapleCloud is 1745. The version installed in this computer is 1744 created 2024, April 17, 19:33 hours Pacific Time, found in the directory C:\Users\Owner\maple\toolbox\2024\Physics Updates\lib\`




(sin(y)+1)^(1/2)*(-2*sin(y)+2)^(1/2)*(-sin(y))^(1/2)*EllipticF((sin(y)+1)^(1/2), (1/2)*2^(1/2))/(cos(y)*sin(y)^(1/2))

Warning, solutions may have been lost

{%}; #to eliminate duplicates

(sin(y)+1)^(1/2)*(-2*sin(y)+2)^(1/2)*(-sin(y))^(1/2)*EllipticF((sin(y)+1)^(1/2), (1/2)*2^(1/2))/(cos(y)*sin(y)^(1/2))

{arctan(JacobiSN(((1/2)*I)*2^(1/2)*(x+b), (1/2)*2^(1/2))^2-1, -(1/2)*JacobiSN(((1/2)*I)*2^(1/2)*(x+b), (1/2)*2^(1/2))*(4-2*JacobiSN(((1/2)*I)*2^(1/2)*(x+b), (1/2)*2^(1/2))^2)^(1/2)*2^(1/2)), arctan(JacobiSN(((1/2)*I)*2^(1/2)*(x+b), (1/2)*2^(1/2))^2-1, (1/2)*JacobiSN(((1/2)*I)*2^(1/2)*(x+b), (1/2)*2^(1/2))*(4-2*JacobiSN(((1/2)*I)*2^(1/2)*(x+b), (1/2)*2^(1/2))^2)^(1/2)*2^(1/2))}


I can trick it to solve  f(y)=x for y  by asking it to solve f(y)=x+A for y and then set A=0 in the solution. But one should not have to do this. Is this a bug or Am I missing something?


Dear Colleague. 

I am trying to improve the results of abs(res[i] - exy) in the following codes.

Digits := 30:

# Define the function
f := proc(n)
    -0.5*y[n] + 0.5*sin(x[n] - Pi)
end proc:

# Define equations
e1 := y[n+2] = 2*h*delta[n] + y[n] - h^2*(-2*sin(u)*f(n)*u^2 - 2*sin(u)*f(n+2)*u^2 + 2*sin(2*u)*f(n+1)*u^2 + 2*cos(u)*f(n)*u - 2*cos(u)*f(n+2)*u + 2*cos(2*u)*f(n+1)*u - 2*cos(2*u)*f(n)*u - 2*sin(u)*f(n) + 2*sin(u)*f(n+2) + sin(2*u)*f(n) - sin(2*u)*f(n+2) - 2*f(n+1)*u + 2*f(n+2)*u)/((2*sin(u) - sin(2*u))*u^2):
e2 := y[n+1] = h*delta[n] + y[n] - (1/2)*h^2*(-sin(u)*f(n)*u^2 - sin(u)*f(n+2)*u^2 + sin(2*u)*f(n+1)*u^2 + 2*cos(u)*f(n)*u - 2*cos(u)*f(n+2)*u + 2*cos(2*u)*f(n+1)*u - 2*cos(2*u)*f(n)*u + 4*sin(u)*f(n+1) - 4*sin(u)*f(n) - 2*sin(2*u)*f(n+1) + 2*sin(2*u)*f(n) - 2*f(n+1)*u + 2*f(n+2)*u)/((2*sin(u) - sin(2*u))*u^2):
e3 := h*delta[n+2] = h*delta[n] + h^2*(2*sin(u)*f(n)*u + 2*sin(u)*f(n+2)*u - 2*sin(2*u)*f(n+1)*u - 2*cos(2*u)*f(n+1) + cos(2*u)*f(n) + cos(2*u)*f(n+2) + 2*f(n+1) - f(n) - f(n+2))/(u*(2*sin(u) - sin(2*u))):

epsilon := 10^(-10):
inx := 0:
ind := 1:
iny := 0:
h := 0.01:
n := 0:
omega := 1:
u := omega * h:
tol := 1e-4:
N := solve(h * p = 8 * Pi, p):

err := Vector(round(N)):
exy_lst := Vector(round(N)):

c := 1:
for j from 0 to 2 do
    t[j] := inx + j * h:
end do:

vars := y[n+1], y[n+2], delta[n+2]:

step := [seq(eval(x, x = c * h), c = 1 .. N)]:
printf("%6s%15s%15s%16s%15s%15s%15s\n", "h", "Num.y", "Num.z", "Ex.y", "Ex.z", "Error y", "Error z");

st := time():
for k from 1 to N / 2 do
    par1 := x[0] = t[0], x[1] = t[1], x[2] = t[2]:
    par2 := y[n] = iny, delta[n] = ind:    
    res := eval(<vars>, fsolve(eval({e1, e2, e3}, [par1, par2]), {vars}));

    for i from 1 to 2 do
        exy := eval(sin(c * h)):
        exz := eval(cos(c * h)):
        printf("%6.5f%17.9f%15.9f%15.9f%15.9f%13.5g%15.5g\n", h * c, res[i], res[i+1], exy, exz, abs(res[i] - exy), abs(res[i+1] - exz));
        err[c] := abs(evalf(res[i] - exy));
        if Norm(err) <= tol then 
            h := 0.1 * h * (c + 1) * (tol/Norm(err))^(0.2);
        end if;
        exy_lst[c] := exy;
        numerical_y1[c] := res[i];
        c := c + 1;
    end do;
    iny := res[2];
    ind := res[3];
    inx := t[2];
    for j from 0 to 2 do
        t[j] := inx + j * h;
    end do;
end do:
v := time() - st;
v / 4;
printf("Maximum error is %.13g\n", max(err));
NFE = evalf((N / 4 * 3) + 1);

# Get array of numerical and exact solutions for y1
numerical_array_y1 := [seq(numerical_y1[i], i = 1 .. N)]:
exact_array_y1 := [seq(exy_lst[i], i = 1 .. N)]:

# Get array of time steps
time_t := [seq(step[i], i = 1 .. N)]:

# Display graphs for y1
numerical_plot_y1 := plot(time_t, numerical_array_y1, style = point, symbol = asterisk, color = blue, symbolsize = 20, legend = ["TFIBF"]);
exact_plot_y1 := plot(time_t, exact_array_y1, style = point, symbol = box, color = red, symbolsize = 20, legend = ["EXACT"]);

display({numerical_plot_y1, exact_plot_y1});
Error_plot_y1 := plot(time_t, err, style = line, symbol = box, tickmarks = [piticks, decimalticks], color = navy, labels = [`h=Pi/8`, typeset(`Absolute Errors`)]);

I am suspecting that I didnt update the new h properly (I may be wrong, though). Please kindly help modify the code to allow the values of abs(res[i] - exy) to about 10^(-11). Thank you and best regards.

I am trying to solve the following recursion for any n, given a constant c. Here is my code for it:

c := 2:

A[i] := rsolve({a(0) = 1/n, a(i) = ((n - i + 1)/(n - i) + 1/(c*(n - i)))*a(i - 1)}, a);

total := evala(Simplify(sum(eval(A[i], i=k), k=0..n-1)));
evalf(eval(total, n = 6));

For c = 1, I get a valid (and correct) output, however for c = 2 for example, rsolve is returning A[i] = -GAMMA(-n)*GAMMA(-n + i - 1/2)/(GAMMA(-n - 1/2)*GAMMA(-n + i + 1)), which does not make sense when n is an integer. Is there something I am doing wrong here? Not sure why this is happening. Thanks!

Include print level in procedure
In the procedure code printlevel is not accepted
-enviroment variable
-interface variable 
error message : Error, (in interface) unknown interface variable, printlevel

More convenient in my opinion is to include on the printlevel depth in the procedure call?


fac := proc(n::integer)
    local previous_printlevel, result;
    previous_printlevel := interface('printlevel');  # Correct way to get the current printlevel
    interface('printlevel' = 3);  # Correct way to set the printlevel

    # De recursieve berekening
    if n = 0 then
        result := 1;  # Basisgeval
        result := n * fac(n - 1);  # Recursieve aanroep
    end if;

    interface('printlevel' = previous_printlevel);  # Restore the original printlevel
    return result;
end proc;


proc (n::integer) local previous_printlevel, result; previous_printlevel := interface('printlevel'); interface('printlevel' = 3); if n = 0 then result := 1 else result := n*fac(n-1) end if; interface('printlevel' = previous_printlevel); return result end proc


Error, (in interface) unknown interface variable, printlevel





I am very new to Maple. Many this are great, but I do not understand how maple deals with, especially, radiological units. In particular regarding joules [J] wich Maple seems to have alt least three types:

1) J - in relation to work

2) J(radiation) in relation to Gy (Gray) J/kg

3) J(dose_equivalent_index) in relation to Sv also J/kg

Why does Maple distinguish between these "joules"? As a phycisist they are all (well maby not entirely for Sv) equal to me. How can I make Maple treat them all at the "same joule"?

I have tried the following first:

with(Units[Standard]) and




Let S1: x^2 + (y - 2)^2 + (z + 1)^2 = 29 be a sphere and two points A(0, 0, 4), B(6, -2, 6); the line d passing through point C(4, -8, 4) and have direction v=(1, -1, 2). Find the point M such that M lies on the sphere S1, the angle AMB equals to 90 degree and distance from M to the line d is minimum

If I understand correctly, both of 

int(RETURN(is(y::positive)), y = 0 .. x) assuming 0 <= x, x < 1;
int(RETURN(coulditbe(y = 1)), y = 0 .. x) assuming 0 < x, x < 1;

should output `not`(true). However, Maple simply returns true for the second one. 
Isn't this result incorrect? Or am I missing something?

I would like to remove isomorphs from some graphs. That is to filter out non-isomorphic graphs.

graph_list := [GraphTheory:-CompleteGraph(3), GraphTheory:-PathGraph(3),Graph({{a,b},{b,c},{c,a}})]:

# Create a table to store non-isomorphic graphs
non_isomorphic_graphs := table():

# Counter for indexing the table
counter := 1:

# Iterate over each graph and check if it is isomorphic to any of the stored graphs
for g in graph_list do
    is_isomorphic := false:
    for key in indices(non_isomorphic_graphs,'nolist') do
        if GraphTheory:-IsIsomorphic(g, non_isomorphic_graphs[key]) then
            is_isomorphic := true:
        end if:
    end do:
    if not is_isomorphic then
        non_isomorphic_graphs[counter] := g:
        counter := counter + 1:
    end if:
end do:
DrawGraph~(non_isomorphic_graphs,  layoutoptions = [neutral_color = "pink", initial = spring])


A canonical form is a labeled graph Canon(G) that is isomorphic to G, such that every graph that is isomorphic to G has the same canonical form as G. I noticed that Maple has a function called CanonicalGraph. Can this function achieve the effect I want? I can easily achieve this by combining the  canonical form and property of sets  in  Sage.

graph_list = [Graph([(0, "a"), ("a", 2), (2, 0)]),graphs.PathGraph(3), graphs.CompleteGraph(3)]
non_isomorphic_graphs_labels = {g.canonical_label().copy(immutable=True) for g in graph_list}



An underlying motivation:My collaborators and I designed generation rules (algorithms) for 1-planar 4-trees;see Since the generating process is based on 1-planar embeddings, it will ultimately require filtering non-isomorphic graphs among a list of embeddings. I would be especially delighted to see that someone implement our algorithm in the future. Currently, I am stuck on handling some labeling details. It is somewhat similar to generating Apollonian networks (planar 3-trees). However, since its simplicial vertices are only two, the growth rate will not be too fast as the number of vertices increases.

I need to evaluate a variable inside the function definition in the moment it is defined and not every time it is called. Is there a way around?

f := x-> a*x;


I want the function "f" to be 3*x even if "a" is modified after the declaration. In Mathematica I am used to the so called immediate assignmet(=) and delayed assignment(:=) for which I cannot find an equivalent command in Maple. 

Any help is appreciated!

im trying to write differential quadrature method i have successfully  generated system of equations using code but now im stuck with rk4 method to solve these equation in a loop kindly give me suggestions or modify the code



N := 5



P := proc (n, x) options operator, arrow; orthopoly[P](n, 2*x-1) end proc

P_N := simplify(P(N, x))



localroots := fsolve(P_N = 0, x, complex)

HFloat(0.04691007703066799), HFloat(0.23076534494715836), HFloat(0.4999999999999997), HFloat(0.7692346550528439), HFloat(0.9530899229693298)


for i to N do assign(x[i] = localroots[i]) end do

PRime := diff(P_N, x)



for i to N do for j to N do if i <> j then a[i, j] := (eval(PRime, x = x[i]))/((x[i]-x[j])*(eval(PRime, x = x[j]))) else a[i, j] := (1-2*x[i])/(2*x[i]*(x[i]-1)) end if end do end do

u := proc (i) local u_x, expr, j; u_x := add(a[i, j]*u[j], j = 1 .. N); expr := -u[i]*u_x+x[i]; expr end proc; odes := [seq(u(i, [seq(u[j], j = 1 .. N)]), i = 1 .. N)]; for i to N do assign(o[i] = odes[i]) end do; for i to N do printf("u_%d = %s\n", i, convert(u(i), string)) end do

u_1 = -u[1]*(-10.1340811913091*u[1]+15.4039041703445*u[2]-8.08708750877537*u[3]+3.92079823166652*u[4]-1.10353370192667*u[5])+.046910077030668
u_2 = -u[2]*(-1.92051204726391*u[1]-1.51670643433575*u[2]+4.80550130432862*u[3]-1.85711605328765*u[4]+.488833230558754*u[5])+.230765344947158
u_3 = -u[3]*(.602336319455661*u[1]-2.87077648466948*u[2]-1.11022302462516e-015*u[3]+2.87077648466942*u[4]-.602336319455684*u[5])+.5
u_4 = -u[4]*(-.488833230558737*u[1]+1.85711605328767*u[2]-4.8055013043286*u[3]+1.51670643433578*u[4]+1.92051204726404*u[5])+.769234655052844
u_5 = -u[5]*(1.1035337019266*u[1]-3.92079823166643*u[2]+8.08708750877511*u[3]-15.4039041703442*u[4]+10.1340811913086*u[5])+.95308992296933


initial_conditions := [0.1e-1, 0.2e-1, 0.3e-1, 0.4e-1, 0.5e-1]

for i to N do printf("Initial condition for u_%d: u_%d(0) = %f\n", i, i, initial_conditions[i]) end do

Initial condition for u_1: u_1(0) = 0.010000
Initial condition for u_2: u_2(0) = 0.020000
Initial condition for u_3: u_3(0) = 0.030000
Initial condition for u_4: u_4(0) = 0.040000
Initial condition for u_5: u_5(0) = 0.050000


dt := .1

tf := 1

"local o_old;  o_old := Vector(n);    #` Loop to initialize o[i]old values`  for i from 1 to n do      o_old[i] := initial_conditions[i];      printf("Initial condition for u_%d: u_%d(0) = %f\\n", i, i, initial_conditions[i]);  end do:    time := t0;  while time < tf do  for i from 1 to n do      k[1, i] := dt * o[i](time,o_old[i]);   for i from 1 to n do  k[2,i]:=dt*o[i](time + dt/(2), o_old[i]+   (k[1, i])/(2));  end do:  for i from 1 to n do  k[3,i]:=dt*o[i](time+ o_old[i]+ (  k[1, i])/(2));  end do:  for i from 1 to n do  k[4,i]:=dt*o[i](time+dt,o_old[i]+k[1,i]);  end do:  for i from 1 to n do    0 _new[i]:=o_old[i]+(k[1,i]+2 *k[2,i]+2*k[3,i]+k[4,i]);  end do:  time := time + dt;     end do;      "

Error, illegal use of an object as a name

"local o_old;  o_old := Vector(n);    #` Loop to initialize o[i]old values`  for i from 1 to n do   o_old[i] := initial_conditions[i];   printf("Initial condition for u_%d: u_%d(0) = %f\\n", i, i, initial_conditions[i]);  end do:    time := t0;  while time < tf do  for i from 1 to n do   k[1, i] := dt * o[i](time,o_old[i]);  end do:  for i from 1 to n do  k[2,i]:=dt*o[i](time + dt/2, o_old[i]+ (k[1, i])/2);  end do:  for i from 1 to n do  k[3,i]:=dt*o[i](time+ o_old[i]+ (  k[1, i])/2);  end do:  for i from 1 to n do  k[4,i]:=dt*o[i](time+dt,o_old[i]+k[1,i]);  end do:  for i from 1 to n do  0 _new[i]:=o_old[i]+(k[1,i]+2 *k[2,i]+2*k[3,i]+k[4,i]);  end do:  time := time + dt;   end do;      "




I have a Prime Version Abo. On my iPhone works everyrhing fine. But on IPad there is a Limit of 5 step by step solutions. Same AppleID. What's the Problem?

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