# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 648

- 648 is the smallest number expressible as a*b
^{a} in more than one non-trivial ways (648 = 3*6^{3} = 2*18^{2})

## Common Properties of 648

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

The number n is called an *apocalyptic power* if 2^{n} contains the consecutive digits 666 (in decimal).

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

An integer n is *powerful* if for every prime p dividing n, p^{2} also divides n.

How much power? They all can be written as a^{2} b^{3}.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.

A composite number is called a *Smith* number if the sum of its digits equals the sum of all the digits appearing in its prime divisors (counting multiplicity).

In 1984, when Albert Wilansky called his brother-in-law, named Smith, he noticed that the phone number possesses the property described here. Are they called joke numbers, because they were named after an innocent unsuspecting brother-in-law :-) ?